Move from twitter to mastodon

After last 2-3 nights of writing that blog post, was thinking that would be taking nice and easy for a while. But unfortunately, events have a habit overtaking the best of plans. Hopefully, it won’t be too long. It all started innocently enough. A gentleman, a Senior advocate who advocates in the Supreme Court, Dr. Sanjay Hegde had the following cover on his twitter account/handle.

August Landmasser – source – twitter, wikipedia, theprint.in

Now, the photograph is about a gentleman called August Landmesser, a german national who according to Wikipedia was imprisoned, eventually drafted into penal military service and eventually killed in action according to Wikipedia . This erupted as a row in twitter as the gentleman while known for his anti-establishment views has been in all aspects a gentleman on twitter. His twitter account was suspended under the view of ‘hateful imagery’ . While one could argue that it was done right, but he was not only the only one, over the last several days, lot of people on the left-side of the spectrum, sane voices have been suspended while some twitters even after giving rape or death threats on twitter from the right, no action has been taken.

So two things happened, while Advocate Hegde was reinstated over the hue and cry, he put the cover back up and was again suspended and now has served a notice to Twitter Inc. where the senior counsel is being represented by Mr. Panjal Kishore. While I don’t want to get into the legal notice itself, I would say it makes for some pretty interesting reading and makes some very valid points. The poem of poet Gorakh Pandey in its english translation provides icing on the cake. The counsel representing Dr. Hegde also points to constitutional law and previous judgements as well as references Alexander Meiklejohn and some of the statements he made in his work ‘Political Freedom’ . The notice also reminds about Article 19 (1) (a) which ensures each person the right to free speech while restraining the Govt. The gentleman also goes on to talk about censorship and its practise and asks the courts to direct twitter Inc. to unblock him while at the same time issue some guidelines which follow both in spirit and form what Article 19 was all about.

While one could argue about the merits of the case either way, it at least to my knowledge is one of the very rare detailed notice against a social media company talking about social liberties in such a manner. I, unreservadly support the notice because the notice is about democracy and ensuring voices, even of those with whom you might agree or disagree. How serious does the Supreme Court take this and what sort of action or inaction will the Govt. take will tell where the Government is heading. There are some people who feel the judiciary is under influence of the current regime but there are still others like Dr. Hegde who still seek to challenge it. If anything, have to give him points for fighting the good fight.

Movement from Twitter to mastodon

Because of the hue and cry, quite a bit of people have started moving from twitter to mastodon. People, by default don’t like toxic situations. People enjoy constructive criticism and different ways of looking at things but don’t enjoy death threats etc. from anonymous handles which had been happening. So what started with a small wave is steadily turning into a stream, people are moving from twitter to mastadon. While I’m sort of have been on mastadon for quite sometime, it was nice to see an influx of lot of reporters, journalists, constitutional lawyers, techies as well as well as just social media junkies turning to mastadon.social and other masto related sites.

The altnews founder Pratik Sinha made a thread on twitter where he asked people to ask questions. While, many of the questions were easy, many of them were also thought-provoking. For instance, the idea that couldn’t a federated system be gamed. While I don’t see how, I have enough faith in human ingenuinity to concede that any system can be gamed. We know that all and any software will have bugs and security issues. Add to that lot of such new media may use either derivatives or patches to library or libraries which have not been tested enough on security or tested in variety of combinations. But this is not a new issue but an age-old issue. I did share mastadon issue tracker . There were lot of conspirancy theories, some real, some fanciful and some portending how the rich and powerful could take over. All of which are possible, I had to admit. I did enjoy sharing https://instances.social/ which helps people in choosing instances. One of the big changes which I wasn’t aware of but became aware of due to somebody named Neha was that now it’s possible to export identities, followers, blocks from one instance to another. This at least, IMHO is a big boost to the features and ability in improvement in the federated structures. Of course, the more functionality we have, the more we want 😉 . Somebody also shared a cross-posting utility but seems to only work with mastodon and not any of it derivatives, at least not the network I’m on atm. I also came to know of another mastodon instance where a single toot can be of 1111 letters. For people asking about the cons, the biggest might be security. For instance, if I were to use the cross-posting uility and somehow it is breached, then possibility of two accounts is possible, not just one. Something to consider. Still though, all in all, a very productive evening 🙂

Update 10/11/19 – The exodus which was a sliver is has turned into a stream. First BBC reported it, then bloombergquint, News18, even the chinese picked it up as well as theprint, mumbai mirror which is part of the times group as well as moneycontrol and outlookbusiness . If you read most of the mainstream press you will see that most of them gave a sort of left-handed compliment which is not surprising. Many of them don’t understand the medium and almost all have a vested interest as they are present on twitter and their business-models is based on twitter. So, perhaps to expect them to give a kind word would perhaps be expecting a bit too much.

Some quotations or interesting comments from users and the creator

There were also some interesting comments from users as to why they moved to mastodon and they were varied a bit. For e.g.

As a media researcher, I find it amazing how new digital platforms have been shaped by a crisis of credibility. Birdsite really exploded after the Radia Tapes and its subsequent blackout by mainstream media. A crisis in the credibility of Twitter foced us to switch to Mastodon. This is important in itself because a lot of people thought that Twitter and Facebook have become the final pillers of social media and are no longer replaceable.

Garvit Garg https://mstdn.social/@gsquare/103102398088042940

Let’s get something clear…The exodus from Twitter is not because of Trolls. Those were easily handled. The problem was that Twitter was being paid by the Govt to turn a blind eye to the radicalisation of the Majority community.The exodus is not in fear but in disgust.

Comrade Nambiar https://mastodon.social/@Dasbolshevik/103102244771101873

And finally from the creator of the software Mastodon who had to figure out how to deal with all the new traffic which was coming in –

It’s now up to 18.8K new users this week. For reference, growth was about 1K per week for a long time.

Eugen https://mastodon.social/@Gargron/103104365797087977

There are of course many other aspects of fediverse and mastodon that we may explore as time passes by. Till later.

A tale of unfortunate coincidences and incidents

This would be a biggie so please relax as this is going to be a really long one. So make sure you have something to chill out with.

People talk about ‘ease of doing business’ or what not for quite sometime. From last few months, there has been a slow-down and due to certain issues I had to make some purchases. This blog post will share the travails from a consumer perspective only as the horrors from the other side are also well-known But for this blog post, will share the series of unfortunate coincidences and incidents which happened with me.

APC UPS

For quite few months, my old UPS had been giving issues hence I decided to see what is available in the market. As my requirements are small, two desktops and a laptop sometimes, I settled on APC BR1000G-IN . Instead of buying it from Amazon I decided to try my luck at the local vendors. None of them had this specific UPS which I wanted. Before I continue I want to share the trivia that I had known that Schiedner Electric was buying APC the last time I bought an APC UPS. That was the big news at the time, 2007. At that time when I bought the APC UPS I was given 5 years warranty and the UPS worked till 7-8 years so was pretty happy with it. I also had a local brand I used which worked but didn’t offer anything special such as LED interface on the UPS.

Anyways, with those factors in mind, I went to the APC site and saw the partner list and saw that they were something like 20-25 odd partners in my city, Pune. I sent one or two e-mails to each of the partners of APC, while some were generic with my requirements while in others I was more specific in what I want. I was hoping that at least a few would respond. To my horror, most e-mails bounced back and some were in black-hole which means no one answered. I even tried calling some of the numbers given of the partners and even they turned out to be either fake or not working, which of the two it is I don’t know.

Luckily, I have been to Mumbai quite often and have few contacts with some people who are into IT sales. One of them, had numbers of some of the people in Mumbai, one of which worked, who in turn directed or shared number of a vendor in Pune. One thing led to another and soon I had BR1000G-IN at my place. Sadly, the whole process was draining and took almost a week to get it at my end. I read the user guide fully, did all the connections and found that the the start/reset button of the UPS is depressed, it doesn’t connect well with my stubby fingers. I asked mother and even she was not able to push the button.

APC Back-UPS Pro 1000 Copyright – APC

As can be seen while it is at the upper corner when trying to on it and do the required settings, it just wouldn’t work. I was not sure whether it was the UPS at fault or my stubby finger at fault. As shared, even my mom was not able to push it. After trying for a day or two, turned to the vendor, had to escalate it up and finally was assigned an engineer who came to check it. When you buy a unit for around INR 10k/- this is the least they can do. Somehow his finger was able to penetrate. For both mum and me, the start/reset button was a design fail. While I can understand it why the original design might have been so, I am sure lot of people like me would have problems with it. Coincidentally, the engineer was from one of the vendors whom I had e-mailed earlier. I showed him the e-mail I had sent to the firm. Sadly, till date the e-mail address hasn’t been corrected. vishal@modularelect.com is still a blackhole while I was told this will be corrected soon but two months and it has still not been corrected 😦

Sadly, my problems still continue somewhat. While I’m thankful to whoever the apcupsd Debian wiki page for some reason it doesn’t work for me. While I have asked the good people at apcupsd-users mailing list I am hopeful will get an answer in a day or two. The good part is that the cable at least is working and giving some status information as shared. Hopefully, it will be some minor thing rather than something major but that only time will tell.

Another bit of trivia – While some of you may have known, some might not, I was also looking if APC bought out the Li-Ion batteries too. As fate would have it, the date I bought the UPS, the same date the Li-Ion batteries were launched or shown on youtube.

While it probably will take a few years, would be looking forward to it. There is also possibility of supercapacitors as well but that is well into the future.

Cooler Master G650M

I remember writing about having a better SMPS about a year back. At the time I was having power problems I also thought it would be prudent to change the SMPS as well. While it didn’t take me much time, while I was looking for 700-750W SMPS I finally had to settle for Cooler Master G650M Bronze SMPS as that was the one which was available. There were others too, 1000W ones (gold) but out of my price range. Even the 650W SMPS costed me around INR 7.5k. This also worked for few months and then shorted out. I was highly surprised when the SMPS conked out, as the warranty is supposed to run for five whole years. While buying I had checked the labelling and it was packed only couple of months before purchase, so not that old. What is most peculiar is that now that product is no longer in the market and in fact had been replaced by Cooler Master MWE Bronze 650 which has 3 year warranty 😦 . Why is it so is beyond me. Usually Products which have 5 year warranty or more are usually in the market for a much longer time. Unlike other brands, Cooler Master doesn’t believe in repair but offer replacement but takes anywhere between 2 to 3 weeks which I didn’t knew at the time of purchase 😦

Just to be clear, I wasn’t sure what was wrong. I had bought the ASUS Prime Z270-P motherboard which has LED lighting all around it. I have blogged about it before last year in the same blog post above. What was peculiar that the stock fan above the CPU was not running and nor the cabinet power button, although rest of the motherboard it was showing power so it was peculiar as to what could the problem might be. I have an old voltage detector, something like this from which I could ascertain that I was getting power at points but still couldn’t figure out what was wrong. I did have the old stock SMPS but as have shared before it has lot lesser wattage, says 400 on the label but probably more like 300-325 watts. I removed few of the components from the system before taking it the vendor so it would make it easier for the vendor to tell what is wrong. I assumed that it most probably might be the switch as I usually use reboot all the time whenever I feel the need for reboot, usually after I have some updates and need to refresh my session. The vendor was able to diagnoze within few minutes that the fault lay in the SMPS and not in the switch or anywhere else and asked me to take the unit to the service center for RMA.

While I sent it for RMA, thought could survive for the required time without any internet. But I was wrong. As news in most news channels in India is so stale and biased I found it unbearable to be without news in 2-3 days. I again wondered how people in Kashmir would be without all the facilities that we have.

GRUB 2 missing, UEFI and supergrub2

I went back to the vendor with my old stock SMPS and it worked but found that grub2 menu was missing. It was just plain booting to windows 10. I started a thread at debian-user trying to figure out if there was some issue at my end, maybe some grub variable had got lost or something but the responses seemed to suggest that something else had happened. I also read through some of the UEFI documentation on wikipedia and web, I didn’t go to much depth as that would have been distracting as the specification itself is evolving and is subject to change. I did find some interesting bits and pieces but that is for a later date perhaps. One of the things I remembered from my previous run-ins with grub2 issues is that supergrub2 had been immensely useful. Sadly though, the version which I tried as stable was dumping me to grub rescue instead of the grub menu when I used the ISO image on a thumb drive. I could have tried to make a go for it but was too lazy. On an off-chance I looked at supergrub2 support and did find that somebody else also have had the same exact issue and it was reported. I chimed in and tried one of the beta versions and it worked which made me breathe easier. After getting into debian, I tried the old $ sudo update-grub which usually fixed the issues. I again tried to boot without using the help of the usb disk but failed as it again booted me into MS-Windows environment.

Firmware update

I dunno how or where or how I thought it might be a firmware issue. While trawling via the web I had come across issues which stated similar issues especially either with dual-booting or multi-booting and firmware was one of the issues which was found. Apart from waiting 2 weeks and then perhaps getting a hdd I had no other option than to update the firmware.

Using inxi I was able to get firmware details which I also shared in the github issue tracker page before update.

$ inxi -M Machine: Type: Desktop Mobo: ASUSTeK model: PRIME Z270-P v: Rev X.0x serial: UEFI: American Megatrends v: 0808 date: 06/16/2017

I would ask you to look at the version number and the date. I used Asus’s EZ update utility and downloaded the new UEFI BIOS .pcap file . In EZ update, I just had to give the correct path and couple of restarts later I had the new version of UEFI BIOS as can be seen below.

Asus UEFI BIOS 1205 Copyright – Asus

One thing to note is that there is no unix way that I least I know of updating an UEFI BIOS. If anybody knows, please let me know. I did look for ‘unix .pcacp update’ but most of the tutorials I found out were for network packet sniffing rather than UEFI BIOS update. Maybe it’s an Asus issue. Does anybody know or can point to something ?

The update fixed the EFI code which was also not appearing, as can be seen now via efibootmgr.

$ efibootmgr
BootCurrent: 0004
Timeout: 1 seconds
BootOrder: 0004,0000,0003,0001,0002,0005
Boot0000* Windows Boot Manager
Boot0001* UEFI:CD/DVD Drive
Boot0002* UEFI:Removable DeviceBoot
0003* Hard Drive
Boot0004* debian
Boot0005* UEFI:Network Device

While I’m not going to go into more details but this should be enough –

$ efibootmgr -v | grep debianBoot0004* debian HD(2,GPT,xxxxx)/File(\EFI\DEBIAN\GRUBX64.EFI)..BO

I have hidden some details for privacy sake such as address space as well as GPT hash etc. Finally, Grub 2 menu came to me in all its loveliness –

Grub 2.04-3 debian-edu CC-SA-3.0

There are still some things I wanna fix through, for instance I hope to help out adrian in testing some of his code. I wasn’t able to do because nowadays we get cheap multi-level cell, see for e.g. this paper. I might have mentioned before.

Ending Notes – Powershell

To end I did try to make home even in MS-Windows but the usefulness of shell far outlives anything that is on MS-Windows. I used powershell 5 and even downloaded and installed powershell 6 and even manage to figure out how to get quite some of the utilities to behave similar to how they behave under GNU/Linux but still the Windowing environment itself was much of an irritant than anything else. One of the biggest letdowns was not being able to use touch. While somebody made a powershell module for it but it still needs to be imported for every session. While I’m sure I could have written a small script for the same, my time was beneficial in finding the solution to it. As shared I also learnt about UEFI a bit in the process. Sharing screenshots of powershell 5 and 6 .

Powershell 5 Copyright – Microsoft Corporation
Powershell-6 Copyright – Microsoft Corporation

Conclusion – While it doesn’t even cover probably even a quarter of the issues or use-cases but even if one person finds it useful, that is good enough. I have taken lot of shortcuts and not shared whole lot otherwise this would have been lot longer. One of the things I forgot to mention is that I did find some mentions of MS-Windows overwriting, this was in October 2018 as well as October 2019 Security Updates as well. How much to trust the issues that people posted don’t really know.

Lives around a banking crisis

First of all I will share a caricature and a joke shared by me as the rest of the blog post would be serious as it involves what is happening in India right now and the lack of sensitivity to it.

Caricature of me by @caticaturewale on twitter.

The above is a caricature of me done by @caricaturewale. If you can’t laugh at yourself, you can’t laugh at the world, can you ? I did share my thankfulness with the gentleman who created it. It surely must have taken quite sometime to first produce a likeness and then fiddle around the features so it produces somewhat laughable picture. So all the kudos to him for making this gem 🙂

PMC Bank

The other joke of the day, no the week or perhaps the month was a conversation between a potential bank deposit holder and a banker or somebody calling on behalf of bank.

I got a call from bank.
They said: “U pay us ₹ 6000 every month. U will get ₹ 1 crore when U retire”.
I replied: “U reverse the plan, U give me 1 crore now. And I will pay U ₹ 6000 every month till I die.”
The banker disconnected the call. Did I say anything wrong???

Poonam Datta, Maritime and Logistics, IMD, Switzerland on twitter.

Now where is this coming from ? I am sure some of you may have seen my last blog post which shared about the travails of PMC bank last week. There have been lot of developments which have happened since that. What I had forgotten to share that day is that the crisis in PMC Bank has been such that lives are being lost. From last week till date, 5 lives have been lost due to the PMC bank debacle. The latest being Bharati Sadarangani, a 73 year old septuagenarian who suffered a cardiac arrest as she had her life-savings, her daughter and son-in-law’s all life savings in that bank account. Now the son-in-law blames himself and his wife as the wife used to share her uncertainities with her mom. These people and all the others need urgent psychological help and counselling. In fact, while I don’t know them, I had suggested to some people to see if they can reach to these people and maybe some psychologists team can help them. While moneylife foundation is helping the distressed to write writ petitions and provide legal help, there is definitely need of medical counselling so no more suicides, panic attacks or cardiac arrests happen. But this isn’t the end of the story but is beginning of one.

Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation

The above I shared is a stamp by Dicgc which stands for Deposit Insurance and Credit Guratantee Corporation shared by a gentleman on twitter. The stamp claims and I quote that DICGC is liable for only INR 1 lakh rupees. Now many people were surprised where did the INR 1 lakh rupee come from ? While it is aptly documented in many places, I am going to use CNBC News 18 coverage to share the history of the liability of a bank which dates it back to 1993 where it was changed last to INR 1 lakh rupees. While I did my own calculations using the simple formulae of currency exchange, I would submit to Mr. Raghav Bahl’s slightly superior method where he has taken also the Indian GDP growth also into account which comes to INR 1,00,000.

The method I used is below –

The exchange rate of dollar in 1993 was 28.13 INR for 1 USD. For an amount of INR 1 lakh it comes to USD 3,555 at that time. Using just the simplest inflation tool it comes to date at USD 20,380 as of date which comes to INR 14,43,566.35 . This comes with some base assumptions that the tools and calculations I did were and are in-line with what GOI gives. One point to note though is what the GOI declares as inflation is usually at least a percent or two lower than what the real inflation is at the very least. At least, that’s what I have observed for the last twenty odd years or so. On top of it I didn’t even use the GDP multiple which Mr. Bahl did.

As far as the argument which some people have or may have it’s unlikely that many people may have had that much money, that amount was done by GOI using a variety of factors, including one would suppose the average balance of a middle-class salaried person. If one were to take gold or some other indicator I’m sure they probably would be a lot more higher. This is most conservative estimate I made. To have a higher limits in insurance to the deposit, it would need to be a people’s movement, otherwise it could be INR 1 lakh for all eternity, or INR 3 lakhs, IF the government feels it’s ok with that 😦

Why bother with such calculations ?

One could ask the question why bother with such calculations ? The reason is very simple. While the issue came at a co-operative bank, the amount of insurance limitation is not just limited to a co-operative bank but to all banks, whether they are co-operative, National or even private banks. While I live in Pune, and always have made some very basic lifestyle choices, in Mumbai, the same lifestyle choices will set anyone back at least INR 30-40k. Somebody shared that their 1 BHK apartment electricity costs are INR 15-16k/- monthly while it fluctuates between INR 900-1k/- for the same in Pune. So in that context, putting a budget of INR 30 – 40K/- may be probably conservative for a single person, if it’s a family or 2 or 4, which is common would probably be much more. So in any such scenario, it affects all of us. And this is not taking into account any medical emergencies or credit needs for some unplanned event.

The way out

What is the way out ? While those who are stuck in PMC Bank do not have a way out unless RBI takes some firm actions and help the ones in distress , those who are not are equally in distress because they do not know what to do or where to go. While I’m no investment adviser, just don’t put all your eggs in one basket. Put some in different post schemes, some in PPF, some in gold bars or coins certified by some nationalized banker or something. And most importantly of all, be prepared for a loss no matter what you choose. In a recessionary economy, while there may be some winners, there would be lot more loosers. And while people will attempt to seduce you with some cheap valuations, this is probably not the best time to indulge into fantasies. You would be better off spending time with friends and loved ones or into books.

Books

If you want to indulge into fantasy, go buy a book at Booksbyweight or Booksbykilo rather than indulge in needless speculation. At the very least you would have an asset or commodity which will give you countless hours of pleasure and is a tradable commodity with friends and enemies over a lifetime. And if you are a book lover, reader, writer, romantic like me they can be the best friends as well. Unlike friends or loved ones who would demand time, they are for you whenever you are ready for them rather than vice-versa.

Update – 24/10/19 – Few people asked me on social media how you came to the conclusion that we are entering recession. While I’m not sharing any reports or graphs, what I’m sharing can be easily typed by using keywords in your search engine –

1. Savings – Savings in India has been in a downward slide for about 6-7 years now but acutely so in the last 5/6 years. Less savings means either people are consuming more or earning less.

2. Cost Inflation – If you look at the CPI (Consumer Price Index) inflation and real inflation which I have talked about above, that has been rising. Veggies, which a large population of India eats has been costlier, season after season. Even non-veg like chicken and others have skyrocketing. I am sure if one would look at historical charts they would see a much starker inverse relationship between the two.

3. Salaries – If you look at salaries, in many places there has been actually reduction in salaries and even mass layoffs. While you get headlines of billions of dollars of deals signed up for Indian IT, when you look at the figures closely, you find the value and profits have dripped quite a bit. In fact, cases and suits such as happening at Infosys doesn’t inspire as to what may be happening in other mid to high-range IT companies.

4. Demonetization and Badly implementd GST – The real dangerous effects of demonetization and badly implemented GST would never be fully known. While there have been some studies which co-relate the result of two disasters, they will never be fully known. While there are ample of anecdotal evidence to provide the same, let me provide one of a friend/client who used to run an engineering workshop. The gentleman used to do all kinds of work including getting work from Indian Railways. He had a crew about 20-25 odd people who used to work for him and I knew the gentleman for almost 2 decades. Most of his workers had been working with him for almost 10-15 years. When demonetization happened, he was literally stuck for cash. In an engineering workshop you need to keep an inventory fo small bits and bobs all the time . Because of cash crunch, he couldn’t either pay salaries to his men nor could he get any new orders because everybody in the chain was stuck. He tried his level best but had to fire more than half his crew for no fault of theirs. And when GST came, he was again stuck. At the end he sold the land to whatever price he could, fired the remaining crews and is now basically retired or semi-retired. Now that is a loss not just for him and his men but their families and economy as a whole. The people who bought the land were thinking of making a mall or something but haven’t done that either because there is no demand. They did get the land at a steal but aren’t doing anything with it which is again a loss.

Social media, knowledge and some history of Banking

First of all Happy Dusshera to everybody. While Dusshera is India is a symbol of many things, it is a symbol of forgiveness and new beginnings. While I don’t know about new beginnings I do feel there is still lot of baggage which needs to be left I would try to share some insights I uncovered over last few months and few realizations I came across.

First of all thank you to the Debian-gnome-team to keep working at new version of packages. While there are still a bunch of bugs which need to be fixed especially #895990 and #913978 among others, still kudos for working at it. Hopefully, those bugs and others will be fixed soon so we could install gnome without a hiccup. I have not been on IRC because my riot-web has been broken for several days now. Also most of the IRC and telegram channels at least related to Debian become mostly echo chambers one way or the other as you do not get any serious opposition. On twitter, while it’s highly toxic, you also get the urge to fight the good fight when either due to principles or for some other reason (usually paid trolls) people fight, While I follow my own rules on twitter apart from their TOS, I feel at least new people who are going on social media in India or perhaps elsewhere as well could use are –

  1. It is difficult to remain neutral and stick to the facts. If you just stick to the facts, you will be branded as urban naxal or some such names.
  2. I find many times, if you are calm and don’t react, many a times, they are curious and display ignorance of knowledge which you thought everyone knew is not there. Now whether that is due to either due to lack of education, lack of knowledge or pretensions, although if its pretentious, you are caught sooner or later.
  3. Be civil at all times, if somebody harassess you, calls you names, report them and block them, although twitter still needs to fix the reporting thing a whole lot more. Although, when even somebody like me (bit of understanding of law, technology, language etc.) had a hard time figuring out twitter’s reporting ways, I dunno how many people would be able to use it successfully ? Maybe they make it so unhelpful so the traffic flows no matter what. I do realize they still haven’t figured out their business model but that’s a question for another day. In short, they need to make it far more simpler than it is today.
  4. You always have an option to block people but it has its own consequences.
  5. Be passive-aggressive if the situation demands it.
  6. Most importantly though, if somebody starts making jokes about you or start abusing you, it is sure that the person on the other side doesn’t have any more arguments and you have won.

Banking

Before I start, let me share why I am putting a blog post on the topic. The reason is pretty simple. It seems a huge number of Indians don’t either know the history of how banking started, the various turns it took and so on and so forth. In fact, nowadays history is being so hotly contested and perhaps even being re-written. Hence for some things I would be sharing some sources but even within them, there is possibiity of contestations. One of the contestations for a long time is when ancient coinage and the technique of smelting, flattening came to India. Depending on whom you ask, you have different answers. Lot of people are waiting to get more insight from the Keezhadi excavation which may also give some insight to the topic as well. There are rumors that the funding is being stopped but hope that isn’t true and we gain some more insight in Indian history. In fact, in South India, there seems to be lot of curiousity and attraction towards the site. It is possible that the next time I get a chance to see South India, I may try to see if there is a chance to see this unique location if a museum gets built somewhere nearby. Sorry from deviating from the topic, but it seems that ancient coinage started anywhere between 1st millenium BCE to 6th century BCE so it could be anywhere between 1500 – 2000 years old in India. While we can’t say anything for sure, but it’s possible that there was barter before that. There has also been some history about sharing tokens in different parts of the world as well. The various timelines get all jumbled up hence I would suggest people to use the wikipedia page of History of Money as a starting point. While it may not be give a complete, it would probably broaden the understanding a little bit. One of the reasons why history is so hotly contested could also perhaps lie because of the destruction of the Ancient Library of Alexandria. Who knows what more we would have known of our ancients if it was not destroyed 😦

Hundi (16th Centry)

I am jumping to 16th century as it is more closer to today’s modern banking otherwise the blog post would be too long. Now Hundi was a financial instrument which was used from 16th century onwards. This could be as either a forbearer of a cheque or a Traveller’s cheque. There doesn’t seem to be much in way of information, whether this was introduced by the Britishers or before by the Portugese when they came to India in via when the Portugese came when they came to India or was it in prevelance before. There is a fascinating in-depth study of Hundi though between 1858-1978 done by Marina Bernadette for London School of Economics as her dissertion paper.

Banias and Sarafs

As I had shared before, history in India is intertwined with mythology and history. While there is possibility of a lot of history behind this is documented somewhere I haven’t been able to find it. As I come from Bania , I had learnt lot of stories about both the migratory strain that Banias had as well as how banias used to split their children in adjoining states. Before the Britishers ruled over India, popular history tells us that it was Mughal emprire that ruled over us. What it doesn’t tell us though that both during the Mughal empire as well as Britishers, Banias and Sarafs who were moneylenders and bullion traders respectively hedged their bets. More so, if they were in royal service or bound to be close to the power of administration of the state/mini-kingdom/s . What they used to do is make sure that one of the sons would obey the king here while the other son may serve the muslim ruler. The idea behind that irrespective of whoever wins, the banias or sarafs would be able to continue their traditions and it was very much possible that the other brother would not be killed or even if he was, any or all wealth will pass to the victorious brother and the family name will live on. If I were to look at that, I’m sure I’ll find the same not only in Banias and Sarafs but perhaps other castes and communities as well. Modern history also tells of Rothschilds who did and continue to be an influence on the world today.

As to why did I share about how people acted in their self-interest because nowadays in the Indian social media, it is because many people chose to believe a very simplistic black and white narrative and they are being fed that by today’s dominant political party in power. What I’m trying to simply say is that history is much more complex than that. While you may choose to believe either of the beliefs, it might open a window in at least some Indian’s minds that there is possibility of another way things were done and ways in which people acted then what is being perceived today. It is also possible it may be contested today as lot of people would like to appear in the ‘right side’ of history as it seems today.

Banking in British Raj till nationalization

When the Britishers came, they bought the modern Banking system with them. These lead to creation of various banks like Bank of Bengal, Bank of Bombay and Bank of Madras which was later subsumed under Imperial Bank of India which later became State Bank of India in 1955. While I will not go into details, I do have curiousity so if life has, would surely want to visit either the Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena S.p.A of Italy or the Berenberg Bank both of which probably has lot of history than what is written on their wikipedi pages. Soon, other banks. Soon there was whole clutch of banks which will continue to facilitate the British till independance and leak money overseas even afterwards till the Banks were nationalized in 1956 due to the ‘Gorwala Committee’ which recommended. Apart from the opaqueness of private banking and leakages, there was non provision of loans to priority sector i.e. farming in India, A.D. Gorawala recommended nationalization to weed out both issues in a single solution. One could debate efficacy of the same, but history has shown us that privatization in financial sector has many a times been costly to depositors. The financial Crisis of 2008 and the aftermath in many of the financial markets, more so private banks is a testament to it. Even the documentary Plenary’s Men gives whole lot of insight in the corruption that Private banks do today.

The plenary’s men on Youtube at least to my mind is evidence enough that at least India should be cautious in dealings with private banks.

Co-operative banks and their Rise

The Co-operative banks rise in India was largely in part due to rise of co-operative societies. While the co-operative Societies Act was started in 1904 itself. While there were quite a few co-operative societies and banks, arguably the real filip to Co-operative Banking was done by Amul when it started in 1946 and the milk credit society it started with it. I dunno how many people saw ‘Manthan‘ which chronicled the story and bought the story of both the co-operative societies and co-operative banks to millions of India. It is a classic movie which lot of today’s youth probably doesn’t know and even if he would would take time to identify with, although people of my generation the earlier generations do get it. One of the things that many people don’t get is that for lot of people even today, especially for marginal farmers and such in rural areas, co-operative banks are still the only solution. While in recent times, the Govt. of the day has tried something called Jan Dhan Yojana it hasn’t been as much a success as they were hoping to. While reams of paper have been written about it, like most policies it didn’t deliver to the last person which such inclusion programs try. Issues from design to implementation are many but perhaps some other time. I am sharing about Co-operative banks as a recent scam took place in one of the banks, probably one of the most respected and widely held co-operative banks. I would rather share sucheta dalal’s excellent analysis done on the PMC bank crisis which is 1unfolding and perhaps continue to unfold in days to come.

Conclusion

At the end I have to admit I took a lot of short-cuts to reach till here. There is possibility that there may be details people might want me to incorporate, if so please let me know and would try and add that. I did try to compress as much as possible while trying to be as exhaustive as possible. I also haven’t used any data as I wanted to keep the explanations as simple as possible and try not to have as little of politics as possible even though biases which are there, are there.

India doesn’t need women or doctors

This is again going to be a long one hence I want to start by sharing some positive news first. Few days back, a vlogger Dhruv Rathee made a vlog review about Jatayu nature and park open in Kerala.

Now, why is it important and good. While it is a profitable initiative, it has been made by private money at the cost of INR 100 crores. It has been built which was a degraded barren land surrounded by forest. While one could argue that even such lands should not be disturbed and one perhaps might be right about that, the research I found seem to be inconclusive. I was looking at one study sometime back in which two adjacent plots of land were taken, both degraded, barren patches of land . One land was left alone while the other had some sort of stable, with animals in it, horses, pigs, donkey etc. and they left the land pretty much besides coming at intervals to see if the animal feed was good enough of them, veteniary medical checkups etc. At the end of couple of years, they checked the micro-nutrients of the soil to see which had more mico-nutrients. It was found out that the ones which had the animals was more fertile and had slightlly more/better ecosystem than the one which was left. IIRC, they published the result in some magazine like ‘Nature’ or some such peer-reviewed publication and other scientists were apply to replicate the results with varying degrees of success. While I remember the simplified version I am sure it is far more complex than I have described. One of the best things they have shared in the review, that the land has been leased from the State Govt. for a period of 30 years after which it will given back to the State of Kerala.

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FWIW, Jatayu is the name of a mythological bird taken from Ramayana. Instead of wasting 3000 crores of taxpayer’s money for one single statue and instead invested in in health, education, safe drinking water, employment generation etc. it would have enriched not just the people benefiting from it, but also made x times productivity growth as it has been proved time and again that any improvement in people’s lives not just makes them better, but also enhances countries growth as well. I have given the number X as right now India has 0 people in its Statistical Commisson as the last two full-time membes resigned couple of years back. The only somewhat factual numbers that are in India are provided by CMIE which is a private institution and obviously doesn’t have neither the funds nor the reach that a Government body can. CMIE does share some interesting facts and figures but that probably is a story for another day. For those who might want to visit Jatayu can visit Jayatu Center website for the same. The image shared above is taken from keralatourism.org website and is copyrighted to them.

No Country for Women

While I have written on this topic a few times before, each time an incident happens and I feel do we really deserve women ? Many a times when a woman (young or old) goes to the police she is asked to present evidence. Now a young woman who was persistently blackmailed, raped by a person of the ruling party, a ‘Swami’ , a nomenclature reserved for a seer who is supposed to be beyond temptation presented 45 videos of the gentleman to the police. She also leaked couple in social media so that the videos don’t disappear into thin air and she and her family doesn’t get killed as was attempted in Unnao rape case. It is only because the facts came in public that the MLA accused in the Unnao rape case got expelled from the ruling partt, In fact, even the killers in Nirbhaya Rape case , even they haven’t been hanged.

Paper Clipping of Chinmayanand Rape Case

The sad part part is that in this case, even after evidence she has been asked to produce two witnesses who would say that she has been raped. I haven’t ever heard a more bizarre story while siding with the seer who has claimed that she was extorting money from him. The list goes just goes on and on, there were 6 women journalists who claimed sexual harassment against MJ Akbar. The case is on-going in the Supreme High Court where it will be heard now after Dusshera holidays. The last hearing was done on 9th September and will start anytime after 20th October when the Supreme Court starts. And there are several more cases, like the Kathua case rape, the Muzaffarpur Shelter home case, the case goes on and on. Sadly, we don’t even have latest stats as there are no statisticians in Indian Govt. and the only report we have is the 2016 NCRB report which does show the trend that there is rising crime in India. It is party to joblessness which is rampant, and partly perhaps of our conservative mindset towards sex, sex-education .

There were two good movies made in India on the subject, one which sank in Bollywood without a trace called Khandaani Shafakhana which more or less only talked about erectile dysfunction and tried to make few jokes about it. There was Vicky Donor which talked about sperm donation which did good business a while back. The movie which touched my heart recently was though was the malyalam movie called Peranmbu starring ever-green star Mammooty. While I don’t speak Malyalam, you may get the movie on netflix or Amazon prime with english subs. While I don’t want to give the whole story of the movie, there is one scene in which Mammooty visits a woman so he can hire a male escort for his daughter and gets slapped. Many people, especially boys didn’t like that scene and said why he had to go there, but as a viewer if you see the movie from a father’s eyes he did what any sane father who loves his child will do. While at the end, they didn’t give any solution to the issue or it got censored, when you see the movie you can imagine the plight of such children’s fathers, relatives etc. It is sad when such movies which make you think aren’t even part of the national discourse then how are people to grow their consciousness, their humanity. When I hear of such incidents as above, I genuinely, does India really need women ? Shouldn’t women coming from other countries to India be given travel advisories stating that they should either have black belt in Karate or some defence techniques and carry a deadly weapon with them all times to defend themselves from us. It seems we, Indian men have no control 😦

No Country for Doctors

India doesn’t seem to be a country for doctors as well. In 2017, in BRD Hospital at Gorakpur 63 children died due to oxygen supply issues. For this, four doctors and couple of staff were held responsible for their deaths. Dr. Kafeel Khan, Dr. RK Misra, Dr. Purnima Misra, Dr. Satish, Gajanand Jaiwal (pharmacist), Uday Pratap Sharma (Junior Clerk). All of them were put into jail. Few days back, only the three doctors have been put out on bail, all the others are still in jail. Now one of the local newspapers, Janata Ka reporter had done detailed investigative story which shows that the problems or issues were at top. In fact when they were appraised of the facts, Dr. Khan and all the accused together actually somehow scrapped together 500 oxygen cylinders out of their own money. This is when it was found out that the doctors were not paid salaries of 2-3 months. In fact, it has been a perennial issue and because of that more than 50-60% of the hospital staff posts were vacant, due to lack of money. When you see such news and reports, you feel that why doctors should study medicine after paying such high fees and practise in India. They should migrate to US and UK as many of their brethren do. They get better wages, better social security. Neither IMA came to their rescue nor anybody else. It was only local people, the patients, people who knew them and struggled for it. IMA has its own share of issues and politiking but that is perhaps best suited for another date. No wonder that the number of doctors emigrating overseas has risen and people do not want to go to remote posts. When motivated cases like these can happen in cities, then what hope the doctor has of justice or anything in villages. In fact, most doctors nowadays in India have multiple heatlh conditions due to work-related stresses and other things. It is by no perchance that we are most depressed country on earth. Not really the validation we are looking for, right.

Life, Liberty and Kashmir

I was going to write about history of banking today but because the blockade is still continuing in Kashmir, I am forced to write my opinions on it and clear at least some ideas and myths various people have about Kashmir. Before I start though, I hope the Goa Debian Utsav was good. While I haven’t seen any reports, I hope it went well. Frankly, I was in two minds whether I should apply for the Debutsav in Goa or not. While there is a possibility that I could have applied and perhaps even got the traveling sponsorship, I was unsure as to what to tell the students. With recovery of the economy in India at least 6 quarters away if not more, it would have been difficult for me to justify to the students as to how to look for careers in I.T. when salaries of most professionals have been stagnant, lowered and even retention happening in Pune, Bangalore and other places it would have been difficult to say that.

Anyways, this would be a long one. I would like to start with a lawsuit filed in Kerala which was shared and the judgement which was given which at least in my view was a progressive decision. The case I am reciting is ”Right To Access Internet Is Part Of Right To Privacy And Right To Education‘ which was given by Kerala HC recently. The judgement of the case is at https://www.livelaw.in/pdf_upload/pdf_upload-364655.pdf which I reproduce below as well.

So let us try to figure out what the suit/case was all about and how it involves the larger question of communication blockades and other things in Kashmir. The case involves a woman student of 18 years of age, a Faheema shirin (Petitioner) who came to Kerala for higher studies (B.Ed) at an institute called Narayanguru College located in Kozhikhode District. Incidentally, I have been fortunate to visit Kerala and Khozikhode District and they are beautiful places but we can have that conversation some other day. Now apparently, she was expelled from the college hostel for using the mobile phone during study time. The College is affiliated to University of Calicut. Now according to statements from the hostel matron, the petitioner and others, it became clear that inmates of the hostel were not allowed to use mobile phones from 10 p.m. to 6.a.m. -i.e. 22:00 hrs. to 0600 hrs. Apparently, this rule was changed to 1800 hrs – 2000 hrs. arbitrarily. The petitioner’s house is 150 kms. from the place. When she said it is not possible to follow the rules because of the subjects she was studying as well as she needed to connect to home anytime she wanted or her father or relatives may feel to call her or in case of any help. She alleged discrimination as these rules were only made for the girl’s hostel and not for the boy’s hostel. I had also seen and felt the same but as shared that’s for another day altogether.

The petitioner invoked the Conventions on Eliminations of all forms of Discrimination against Women, 1979, the Beijing Declaration and Universal Declaration of Human Rights, to which GOI is a signatory and hence had to abide by its rules. She further contended that her education depended on her using digital technology with access to web as given in her textbook. She needed to scan the QR codes in various places in her textbooks and use the link given therein to see videos, animations etc. on a digital platform called swayam. Incidentally, it seems swayam runs on closed source software as shared by SFLC.in on their website. Now if it is closed, commercial software than most probably the only the content can be viewed is via streaming rather than downloading, going offline and seeing it as that would attract provisions of the IT ACT and perhaps would constitute piracy. While this point was not argued, it seemed pertinent for me to point out as few people on social media have asked about. In several such cases it is either impossible or you have to be an expert in order to manipulate and download such data (like Snowdem did) but then that’s again a story for another day. Interestingly, the father in the case above was also in the favor of the girl using mobile phone for whatever purpose as he trusts her implicitly and she is adult enough to make her own life choices.

Thankfully, the petitioner had presence of mine throughout the journey that she did all her correspondence through letters instead of orally and had documentary evidence to back up all her claims. The State Govt. of Kerala has been on the forefront of digital technology for a long while and me and many of my friends have been both witness and played our small parts in whichever way to see Kerala become an IT hub. While they still do need to do a lot more but that again is a story for another day. While there was lot of back and forth between her, the hostel authorities, the father and the hostel authorities, she, her father, the hostel authorities and the college but they were unable to resolve the issues amicably. Her grounds for the fight were –

a. She is an adult and of rational mind so she can make decisions on her own.
b. She has right of privacy ( as shared by the Honorable Supreme Court in its 2017 landmark judgement)
c. She needs the mobile and the laptop for studying as her studies demand her using Internet.
d. She also relied and used the budget speech made by Minister of Finance and State Government for making internet accessible to all citizens and recognizing the right to Internet as a human right.
e. Her violation to right of property under Article 300 A.

In order to further bolster her case, through her lawyers she cited further judgements and studies which show how women are disadvantaged to Internet access, in particular she cited a UNESCO study which tells the same.

The judge, Honorable Jutice P.V. Asha guided herself with the arguments and counter-arguments by both parties, she also delved into Calicut University First Ordinances under which the University, the college and the hostel come in to see how thngs fare there. She had also asked the respondent that by using Internet has she or any other student in the hostel ever caused disturbance to any of the other inmates to which the reply was negative. The Judge also determined that if a miuse of a mobile phone or laptop has to happen, it can happen any time, anywhere and you cannot and should not control adult behavior especially when it collides with dignity and freedom of an adult. The learned counsel for the petitioner also shared resolution 23/2 in the UN General Assembly held on 24th June 2013 which talks of freedom of expression and opinion for women’s empowerment to which India is a signatory. There is also resolution 20/8 of 5th July 2012 which also underscores the point. Both the portions of the resolution can be found on page 18 of the judgement. The judge also cited few other judgements which were pointed out by the learned counsel for the petitioner, the Vishaka Judgement (1997) , the Beijing Statement and several other cases and judgement which showed how women are discriminated against under society. In the end she set aside the expulsion citing various judgements and her rationale for the same and asked the matron to take the student back and also asked the student to not humiliate the teacher or warden and she be allowed to use phone in any way she feels fit as far as she doesn’t create any disturbance to other students.

Observations – It opens up several questions which are part of society’s issues even today and probably for sometime.

a. I have been part of quite a few workshops where while I was supposed to share about GNU/Linux, more often than not I ended up sharing about how to use web access rather than advanced technologies. In this I found women to be more backward and take more time to understand and use the concepts than men. Whether it is due to just access issues or larger societal reasons ( the hidden alleged misuse of web) I just don’t know. While I do wish we could do more I don’t have any solutions.

b. As correctly pointed by Honorable Justice Asha, if a women who is pursuing B.Ed. it would harm the career of the young woman. I would opine and put one step more, wouldn’t it also be endangering her proteges, her students from getting a better teacher who is able to guide her students to the best of her ability. As we all know, rightly or wrongly almost all information is available on the net. The role of the teacher or guide is not to show information but probably more as to how to inquire and interpret information in different ways.

Kashmir

In light of the above judgement would not the same principles apply to Kashmir. There are two points shared by various people who are in favor of the lockdown. The first is National Security, National Interest and the second is Kashmiri Pandits. Let us take them one by one –

a. National Interest or/and National Security – I find this reason porous on many grounds. This Govt. is ruled by one of the richest political parties that India ever has. Without divulging further, there is such a huge range of hardware and software for the Government to surveil. With AFSA in-place and all sorts of technologies available off-the-shelf to surveil on residents that argument looks weak. Further, the Minister’s statement tells that the issue is not security of the state but something else. Of course the majoratian view is that they deserve it because they are muslims. If this is not hate, I dunno what is. A person on twitter did a social experiment where a daughter and a mother had the same conflict. The daughter’s view is that it is not right, the mother’s view being the opposite. The daughter disallowed the mother any contact with her, her husband and her daughter for 2 weeks, the mother was in tears. Then how can you think of people being blocked for 2 months.

Another variation of the argument is that militants will come and kill. Now I find it hard to believe that even after having half a million soldiers in the valley they still feel miitants can do something and they cannot. I find it a little hard to digest. There has been news now that the Taliban are involved. If this is true then they have troubled U.S. also, so if one of the most powerful armies on the earth can be stale-mated for what 19 years, are we going to put Kashmiris in lockdown for 19 years ? In fact the prejudcial face can be seen even more at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kXWZnnD6JFY-

Kashmiri Pandits – There is no doubt that there was a mass exodus of Kashmiri Hindus from the valley. Nobody disputes that. But just like the process followed in NRC, whether rightly or wrongly couldn’t the Kashmiri Pandits be sent back home. I would argue this is the best time. You have a huge contigent of forces in the valley, you can start the process, get the documents, get them back into the valley, otherwise this will continue to be something like Palestine is in Israel which has continued to an issue for both Israelis and Palestinians with no end in sight. The idea that Pakistan will not harass or do something in Kashmir in fool’s paradise. They have been doing it since 90’s, for that to have a huge population blocked from communicating is nothing but harassment. And hate will never get you anywhere. While this is more greyer than I am making it out, feel free to read this interview as well as the series called The Family Man which I found to be pretty truthful as to the greyishness of the situation out there. While most of the mainstream media gave it an average score, I found it thought-provoking. The fact is mainstream media in India no longer questions the Government excesses. Some people do and they are often targeted. I do hope to share the banking scenario and a sort of mini-banking crisis soon. Till later.

Dissonance, Rakhigiri, one-party system

I heard the term dissonance or Cognitive dissonance about a year, year and a half back. This is the strategy that BJP used to win in 2014 and in 2019. How much part did EVM’s play and how much part did the cognitive dissonance work is hard to tell and define but both have made irreperable damage to not just the economy, social fabric, institutions, the constitution but the idea of India itself. India, the country which has thousands of different cultures, castes, are for one reason or the other put into hate which seems to have no end. But before going into the politics, let me share one beautiful video which got played on social media and also quickly forgotten.

Dhol Tasha in Ganesh Chaturthi

The gentleman playing that drum is Mr. Greg Ellis. While we had Ganesh Chaturthi just a while back, the most laid-back I have seen in my whole 40+ years. While there were other dhol tasha plays which played for e.g. these two videos

and

I do like the first one though which represents what is and used to be call jugalbandi. This is where two artists talk to each other having conversation while playing their instruments. For e.g. Zakir Hussain Sahab and Shivamani and many others. but that perhaps is a story for another day.

The Science and Politics of the 4500 year old Rakhigarhi woman.

This story was broken couple of weeks back. The best way or person to perhaps explain it in plain english would perhaps be Shekhar Gupta . From the discussions you see it is much heated and contested topic.

The study that was done can be found at https://reich.hms.harvard.edu/sites/reich.hms.harvard.edu/files/inline-files/2019_Cell_ShindeNarasimhan_Rakhigarhi.pdf and https://reich.hms.harvard.edu/sites/reich.hms.harvard.edu/files/inline-files/2019_Science_NarasimhanPatterson_CentralSouthAsia.pdf . In fact you can see whole series of papers on the same topic https://reich.hms.harvard.edu/publications . Now the Indian nationalist narrative movement is that Aryan migration does not take place while others say it’s the opposite. One can look at a bit more background on the story in the Indian Express article which came a few months before, before the whole controversy erupted.

One of the best things that has happened is the ability to get the DNA from a 4500 year old specimen. This is Priya Moorani’s github repo. which helped them get the genome data. I am sure some of the Debian folks may be interested in such kind of forensic anthropology. I know I had shared bits of its previously as well but it didn’t fit well with me as I had hadn’t shared the whole narrative behind it and the positions that people have taken.

The Economy

The Economy is in a bad shape in India is in a bad shape is not a hidden thing anymore but India Inc. had been keeping quiet. Apart from Ratan Tata and Mahindra who quipped about the R-word (Recession) only two ladies seems to be able a spade, a spade and both of them called on it on NDTV . Both these ladies are wealth-creators and have made India proud, one of them even benefiting from the rupee crash but even then their heart in the right place.

The Madame above is Ms. Kiran Majumdar Shaw who is a billionaire who makes her money selling generic active pharmaceutical ingredients and other bio products to advanced countries. Businessworld had done stories on pharmaceutical development, engineering about 6-7 years back when it was an emerging industry and lot of startups had come into the field. While it is a pretty competitive field with about 60 odd companies and biocon itself shedding quite a bit of its price on the stock exchange and still she has the guts to criticize the Modi Govt.

The other is Shobhana Kamineni of Apollo Hospitals, which is in superspeciality hospitals. Both the ladies are into medicine field and both are in the high-risk and high-reward game and still they are able to speak their mind. What is and was shocking for many of us is the kind of numbers she had shared of people emigrating to elsewhere in the last 5 odd years which perhaps wasn’t the case before. In fact, couple of days back both Indian Express and the Wire ran stories showing how millionaires and billionaires are moving out of the country. This hasn’t happened in a day but over a 5 year period. While people are saying that the money is being spent on trael and education, in fact it is due to tax harrassment and structural issues in the broader economy that wealth-creators are leaving. Of course for the rest of us it is the Hindu-Muslim topics but that is another story altogether.

The Hindu-Muslim polarization

When I talk to most of the Bhakts or people who have a militant belief of the way BJP is going, one of the questions I ask is, who are these muslims, are they the ones who came from Arab or are these converted Muslims, Christians, Buddhists, Sikhs etc. Most of them were and our own people who choose to convert to a religion because they saw upward mobility in that religion. So in a way the whole debate collapses. The saddest part is whether it is Hindu-Muslim polarization or Hindu-Sikh polarization it is always one brother beating the other. Also, studies showed that in the 2002 Gujarat riots, the ones who took part in the riots were from the lowest strata of the society because by killing the Muslims, they got prestige and money in the society. While I’m sure I have shared the studies before on the site, but if not shared, please let me know and will update the same accordingly. It is somewhere in my bookmarks somewhere 🙂

Chandrayaan 2 (Update)

The Update for Chandrayaan 2 has been that it was shared by ISRO team that the last 2 kms. the thrust landers which should have been pushing against gravity and moon so that the lander would land softly did the opposite or the reverse i.e. instead of pushing against the moon/regolith gave speed which may have resulted in the crash. In few days NASA may share some photographs of the lander.

The Single-party State

One of the newest discussions that has been thrown is having a single party for the country. Now I dunno whether it is just for us to get us into another discussions or controversies as they have been doing for last so many years, just like Trump does every other day or does he mean it. If this becomes a reality, then there will be nothing left. Even the judiciary has been keeping quiet on the habeaus corpus on the Kashmir issue . In fact Shah Faesal, who if memory serves me right, came on a BJP ticket has withdrawn his habeaus corpus writ as thousands of kashmiris has no access to put up such a writ. Also the Supreme Court casual approach has baffled many of the legal luminaries in the field. At the end, I don’t really know what to look out for The economy doesn’t seem will recover in the short-to-medium term and with the Saudi fields hit, oil, petrol will climb more than ever before. Not a happy note to end on though but it is, what it is.

Update 18/09/2019 – Newslaundry shared that ANI (A Govt. mouthpiece) has been told to alter the stories on single-party state so it appears a bit differently, some papers have still carried it in the same. Youtube also has his statement on record so he can’t escape.