Social media, knowledge and some history of Banking

First of all Happy Dusshera to everybody. While Dusshera is India is a symbol of many things, it is a symbol of forgiveness and new beginnings. While I don’t know about new beginnings I do feel there is still lot of baggage which needs to be left I would try to share some insights I uncovered over last few months and few realizations I came across.

First of all thank you to the Debian-gnome-team to keep working at new version of packages. While there are still a bunch of bugs which need to be fixed especially #895990 and #913978 among others, still kudos for working at it. Hopefully, those bugs and others will be fixed soon so we could install gnome without a hiccup. I have not been on IRC because my riot-web has been broken for several days now. Also most of the IRC and telegram channels at least related to Debian become mostly echo chambers one way or the other as you do not get any serious opposition. On twitter, while it’s highly toxic, you also get the urge to fight the good fight when either due to principles or for some other reason (usually paid trolls) people fight, While I follow my own rules on twitter apart from their TOS, I feel at least new people who are going on social media in India or perhaps elsewhere as well could use are –

  1. It is difficult to remain neutral and stick to the facts. If you just stick to the facts, you will be branded as urban naxal or some such names.
  2. I find many times, if you are calm and don’t react, many a times, they are curious and display ignorance of knowledge which you thought everyone knew is not there. Now whether that is due to either due to lack of education, lack of knowledge or pretensions, although if its pretentious, you are caught sooner or later.
  3. Be civil at all times, if somebody harassess you, calls you names, report them and block them, although twitter still needs to fix the reporting thing a whole lot more. Although, when even somebody like me (bit of understanding of law, technology, language etc.) had a hard time figuring out twitter’s reporting ways, I dunno how many people would be able to use it successfully ? Maybe they make it so unhelpful so the traffic flows no matter what. I do realize they still haven’t figured out their business model but that’s a question for another day. In short, they need to make it far more simpler than it is today.
  4. You always have an option to block people but it has its own consequences.
  5. Be passive-aggressive if the situation demands it.
  6. Most importantly though, if somebody starts making jokes about you or start abusing you, it is sure that the person on the other side doesn’t have any more arguments and you have won.

Banking

Before I start, let me share why I am putting a blog post on the topic. The reason is pretty simple. It seems a huge number of Indians don’t either know the history of how banking started, the various turns it took and so on and so forth. In fact, nowadays history is being so hotly contested and perhaps even being re-written. Hence for some things I would be sharing some sources but even within them, there is possibiity of contestations. One of the contestations for a long time is when ancient coinage and the technique of smelting, flattening came to India. Depending on whom you ask, you have different answers. Lot of people are waiting to get more insight from the Keezhadi excavation which may also give some insight to the topic as well. There are rumors that the funding is being stopped but hope that isn’t true and we gain some more insight in Indian history. In fact, in South India, there seems to be lot of curiousity and attraction towards the site. It is possible that the next time I get a chance to see South India, I may try to see if there is a chance to see this unique location if a museum gets built somewhere nearby. Sorry from deviating from the topic, but it seems that ancient coinage started anywhere between 1st millenium BCE to 6th century BCE so it could be anywhere between 1500 – 2000 years old in India. While we can’t say anything for sure, but it’s possible that there was barter before that. There has also been some history about sharing tokens in different parts of the world as well. The various timelines get all jumbled up hence I would suggest people to use the wikipedia page of History of Money as a starting point. While it may not be give a complete, it would probably broaden the understanding a little bit. One of the reasons why history is so hotly contested could also perhaps lie because of the destruction of the Ancient Library of Alexandria. Who knows what more we would have known of our ancients if it was not destroyed 😦

Hundi (16th Centry)

I am jumping to 16th century as it is more closer to today’s modern banking otherwise the blog post would be too long. Now Hundi was a financial instrument which was used from 16th century onwards. This could be as either a forbearer of a cheque or a Traveller’s cheque. There doesn’t seem to be much in way of information, whether this was introduced by the Britishers or before by the Portugese when they came to India in via when the Portugese came when they came to India or was it in prevelance before. There is a fascinating in-depth study of Hundi though between 1858-1978 done by Marina Bernadette for London School of Economics as her dissertion paper.

Banias and Sarafs

As I had shared before, history in India is intertwined with mythology and history. While there is possibility of a lot of history behind this is documented somewhere I haven’t been able to find it. As I come from Bania , I had learnt lot of stories about both the migratory strain that Banias had as well as how banias used to split their children in adjoining states. Before the Britishers ruled over India, popular history tells us that it was Mughal emprire that ruled over us. What it doesn’t tell us though that both during the Mughal empire as well as Britishers, Banias and Sarafs who were moneylenders and bullion traders respectively hedged their bets. More so, if they were in royal service or bound to be close to the power of administration of the state/mini-kingdom/s . What they used to do is make sure that one of the sons would obey the king here while the other son may serve the muslim ruler. The idea behind that irrespective of whoever wins, the banias or sarafs would be able to continue their traditions and it was very much possible that the other brother would not be killed or even if he was, any or all wealth will pass to the victorious brother and the family name will live on. If I were to look at that, I’m sure I’ll find the same not only in Banias and Sarafs but perhaps other castes and communities as well. Modern history also tells of Rothschilds who did and continue to be an influence on the world today.

As to why did I share about how people acted in their self-interest because nowadays in the Indian social media, it is because many people chose to believe a very simplistic black and white narrative and they are being fed that by today’s dominant political party in power. What I’m trying to simply say is that history is much more complex than that. While you may choose to believe either of the beliefs, it might open a window in at least some Indian’s minds that there is possibility of another way things were done and ways in which people acted then what is being perceived today. It is also possible it may be contested today as lot of people would like to appear in the ‘right side’ of history as it seems today.

Banking in British Raj till nationalization

When the Britishers came, they bought the modern Banking system with them. These lead to creation of various banks like Bank of Bengal, Bank of Bombay and Bank of Madras which was later subsumed under Imperial Bank of India which later became State Bank of India in 1955. While I will not go into details, I do have curiousity so if life has, would surely want to visit either the Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena S.p.A of Italy or the Berenberg Bank both of which probably has lot of history than what is written on their wikipedi pages. Soon, other banks. Soon there was whole clutch of banks which will continue to facilitate the British till independance and leak money overseas even afterwards till the Banks were nationalized in 1956 due to the ‘Gorwala Committee’ which recommended. Apart from the opaqueness of private banking and leakages, there was non provision of loans to priority sector i.e. farming in India, A.D. Gorawala recommended nationalization to weed out both issues in a single solution. One could debate efficacy of the same, but history has shown us that privatization in financial sector has many a times been costly to depositors. The financial Crisis of 2008 and the aftermath in many of the financial markets, more so private banks is a testament to it. Even the documentary Plenary’s Men gives whole lot of insight in the corruption that Private banks do today.

The plenary’s men on Youtube at least to my mind is evidence enough that at least India should be cautious in dealings with private banks.

Co-operative banks and their Rise

The Co-operative banks rise in India was largely in part due to rise of co-operative societies. While the co-operative Societies Act was started in 1904 itself. While there were quite a few co-operative societies and banks, arguably the real filip to Co-operative Banking was done by Amul when it started in 1946 and the milk credit society it started with it. I dunno how many people saw ‘Manthan‘ which chronicled the story and bought the story of both the co-operative societies and co-operative banks to millions of India. It is a classic movie which lot of today’s youth probably doesn’t know and even if he would would take time to identify with, although people of my generation the earlier generations do get it. One of the things that many people don’t get is that for lot of people even today, especially for marginal farmers and such in rural areas, co-operative banks are still the only solution. While in recent times, the Govt. of the day has tried something called Jan Dhan Yojana it hasn’t been as much a success as they were hoping to. While reams of paper have been written about it, like most policies it didn’t deliver to the last person which such inclusion programs try. Issues from design to implementation are many but perhaps some other time. I am sharing about Co-operative banks as a recent scam took place in one of the banks, probably one of the most respected and widely held co-operative banks. I would rather share sucheta dalal’s excellent analysis done on the PMC bank crisis which is 1unfolding and perhaps continue to unfold in days to come.

Conclusion

At the end I have to admit I took a lot of short-cuts to reach till here. There is possibility that there may be details people might want me to incorporate, if so please let me know and would try and add that. I did try to compress as much as possible while trying to be as exhaustive as possible. I also haven’t used any data as I wanted to keep the explanations as simple as possible and try not to have as little of politics as possible even though biases which are there, are there.

India doesn’t need women or doctors

This is again going to be a long one hence I want to start by sharing some positive news first. Few days back, a vlogger Dhruv Rathee made a vlog review about Jatayu nature and park open in Kerala.

Now, why is it important and good. While it is a profitable initiative, it has been made by private money at the cost of INR 100 crores. It has been built which was a degraded barren land surrounded by forest. While one could argue that even such lands should not be disturbed and one perhaps might be right about that, the research I found seem to be inconclusive. I was looking at one study sometime back in which two adjacent plots of land were taken, both degraded, barren patches of land . One land was left alone while the other had some sort of stable, with animals in it, horses, pigs, donkey etc. and they left the land pretty much besides coming at intervals to see if the animal feed was good enough of them, veteniary medical checkups etc. At the end of couple of years, they checked the micro-nutrients of the soil to see which had more mico-nutrients. It was found out that the ones which had the animals was more fertile and had slightlly more/better ecosystem than the one which was left. IIRC, they published the result in some magazine like ‘Nature’ or some such peer-reviewed publication and other scientists were apply to replicate the results with varying degrees of success. While I remember the simplified version I am sure it is far more complex than I have described. One of the best things they have shared in the review, that the land has been leased from the State Govt. for a period of 30 years after which it will given back to the State of Kerala.

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FWIW, Jatayu is the name of a mythological bird taken from Ramayana. Instead of wasting 3000 crores of taxpayer’s money for one single statue and instead invested in in health, education, safe drinking water, employment generation etc. it would have enriched not just the people benefiting from it, but also made x times productivity growth as it has been proved time and again that any improvement in people’s lives not just makes them better, but also enhances countries growth as well. I have given the number X as right now India has 0 people in its Statistical Commisson as the last two full-time membes resigned couple of years back. The only somewhat factual numbers that are in India are provided by CMIE which is a private institution and obviously doesn’t have neither the funds nor the reach that a Government body can. CMIE does share some interesting facts and figures but that probably is a story for another day. For those who might want to visit Jatayu can visit Jayatu Center website for the same. The image shared above is taken from keralatourism.org website and is copyrighted to them.

No Country for Women

While I have written on this topic a few times before, each time an incident happens and I feel do we really deserve women ? Many a times when a woman (young or old) goes to the police she is asked to present evidence. Now a young woman who was persistently blackmailed, raped by a person of the ruling party, a ‘Swami’ , a nomenclature reserved for a seer who is supposed to be beyond temptation presented 45 videos of the gentleman to the police. She also leaked couple in social media so that the videos don’t disappear into thin air and she and her family doesn’t get killed as was attempted in Unnao rape case. It is only because the facts came in public that the MLA accused in the Unnao rape case got expelled from the ruling partt, In fact, even the killers in Nirbhaya Rape case , even they haven’t been hanged.

Paper Clipping of Chinmayanand Rape Case

The sad part part is that in this case, even after evidence she has been asked to produce two witnesses who would say that she has been raped. I haven’t ever heard a more bizarre story while siding with the seer who has claimed that she was extorting money from him. The list goes just goes on and on, there were 6 women journalists who claimed sexual harassment against MJ Akbar. The case is on-going in the Supreme High Court where it will be heard now after Dusshera holidays. The last hearing was done on 9th September and will start anytime after 20th October when the Supreme Court starts. And there are several more cases, like the Kathua case rape, the Muzaffarpur Shelter home case, the case goes on and on. Sadly, we don’t even have latest stats as there are no statisticians in Indian Govt. and the only report we have is the 2016 NCRB report which does show the trend that there is rising crime in India. It is party to joblessness which is rampant, and partly perhaps of our conservative mindset towards sex, sex-education .

There were two good movies made in India on the subject, one which sank in Bollywood without a trace called Khandaani Shafakhana which more or less only talked about erectile dysfunction and tried to make few jokes about it. There was Vicky Donor which talked about sperm donation which did good business a while back. The movie which touched my heart recently was though was the malyalam movie called Peranmbu starring ever-green star Mammooty. While I don’t speak Malyalam, you may get the movie on netflix or Amazon prime with english subs. While I don’t want to give the whole story of the movie, there is one scene in which Mammooty visits a woman so he can hire a male escort for his daughter and gets slapped. Many people, especially boys didn’t like that scene and said why he had to go there, but as a viewer if you see the movie from a father’s eyes he did what any sane father who loves his child will do. While at the end, they didn’t give any solution to the issue or it got censored, when you see the movie you can imagine the plight of such children’s fathers, relatives etc. It is sad when such movies which make you think aren’t even part of the national discourse then how are people to grow their consciousness, their humanity. When I hear of such incidents as above, I genuinely, does India really need women ? Shouldn’t women coming from other countries to India be given travel advisories stating that they should either have black belt in Karate or some defence techniques and carry a deadly weapon with them all times to defend themselves from us. It seems we, Indian men have no control 😦

No Country for Doctors

India doesn’t seem to be a country for doctors as well. In 2017, in BRD Hospital at Gorakpur 63 children died due to oxygen supply issues. For this, four doctors and couple of staff were held responsible for their deaths. Dr. Kafeel Khan, Dr. RK Misra, Dr. Purnima Misra, Dr. Satish, Gajanand Jaiwal (pharmacist), Uday Pratap Sharma (Junior Clerk). All of them were put into jail. Few days back, only the three doctors have been put out on bail, all the others are still in jail. Now one of the local newspapers, Janata Ka reporter had done detailed investigative story which shows that the problems or issues were at top. In fact when they were appraised of the facts, Dr. Khan and all the accused together actually somehow scrapped together 500 oxygen cylinders out of their own money. This is when it was found out that the doctors were not paid salaries of 2-3 months. In fact, it has been a perennial issue and because of that more than 50-60% of the hospital staff posts were vacant, due to lack of money. When you see such news and reports, you feel that why doctors should study medicine after paying such high fees and practise in India. They should migrate to US and UK as many of their brethren do. They get better wages, better social security. Neither IMA came to their rescue nor anybody else. It was only local people, the patients, people who knew them and struggled for it. IMA has its own share of issues and politiking but that is perhaps best suited for another date. No wonder that the number of doctors emigrating overseas has risen and people do not want to go to remote posts. When motivated cases like these can happen in cities, then what hope the doctor has of justice or anything in villages. In fact, most doctors nowadays in India have multiple heatlh conditions due to work-related stresses and other things. It is by no perchance that we are most depressed country on earth. Not really the validation we are looking for, right.

Life, Liberty and Kashmir

I was going to write about history of banking today but because the blockade is still continuing in Kashmir, I am forced to write my opinions on it and clear at least some ideas and myths various people have about Kashmir. Before I start though, I hope the Goa Debian Utsav was good. While I haven’t seen any reports, I hope it went well. Frankly, I was in two minds whether I should apply for the Debutsav in Goa or not. While there is a possibility that I could have applied and perhaps even got the traveling sponsorship, I was unsure as to what to tell the students. With recovery of the economy in India at least 6 quarters away if not more, it would have been difficult for me to justify to the students as to how to look for careers in I.T. when salaries of most professionals have been stagnant, lowered and even retention happening in Pune, Bangalore and other places it would have been difficult to say that.

Anyways, this would be a long one. I would like to start with a lawsuit filed in Kerala which was shared and the judgement which was given which at least in my view was a progressive decision. The case I am reciting is ”Right To Access Internet Is Part Of Right To Privacy And Right To Education‘ which was given by Kerala HC recently. The judgement of the case is at https://www.livelaw.in/pdf_upload/pdf_upload-364655.pdf which I reproduce below as well.

So let us try to figure out what the suit/case was all about and how it involves the larger question of communication blockades and other things in Kashmir. The case involves a woman student of 18 years of age, a Faheema shirin (Petitioner) who came to Kerala for higher studies (B.Ed) at an institute called Narayanguru College located in Kozhikhode District. Incidentally, I have been fortunate to visit Kerala and Khozikhode District and they are beautiful places but we can have that conversation some other day. Now apparently, she was expelled from the college hostel for using the mobile phone during study time. The College is affiliated to University of Calicut. Now according to statements from the hostel matron, the petitioner and others, it became clear that inmates of the hostel were not allowed to use mobile phones from 10 p.m. to 6.a.m. -i.e. 22:00 hrs. to 0600 hrs. Apparently, this rule was changed to 1800 hrs – 2000 hrs. arbitrarily. The petitioner’s house is 150 kms. from the place. When she said it is not possible to follow the rules because of the subjects she was studying as well as she needed to connect to home anytime she wanted or her father or relatives may feel to call her or in case of any help. She alleged discrimination as these rules were only made for the girl’s hostel and not for the boy’s hostel. I had also seen and felt the same but as shared that’s for another day altogether.

The petitioner invoked the Conventions on Eliminations of all forms of Discrimination against Women, 1979, the Beijing Declaration and Universal Declaration of Human Rights, to which GOI is a signatory and hence had to abide by its rules. She further contended that her education depended on her using digital technology with access to web as given in her textbook. She needed to scan the QR codes in various places in her textbooks and use the link given therein to see videos, animations etc. on a digital platform called swayam. Incidentally, it seems swayam runs on closed source software as shared by SFLC.in on their website. Now if it is closed, commercial software than most probably the only the content can be viewed is via streaming rather than downloading, going offline and seeing it as that would attract provisions of the IT ACT and perhaps would constitute piracy. While this point was not argued, it seemed pertinent for me to point out as few people on social media have asked about. In several such cases it is either impossible or you have to be an expert in order to manipulate and download such data (like Snowdem did) but then that’s again a story for another day. Interestingly, the father in the case above was also in the favor of the girl using mobile phone for whatever purpose as he trusts her implicitly and she is adult enough to make her own life choices.

Thankfully, the petitioner had presence of mine throughout the journey that she did all her correspondence through letters instead of orally and had documentary evidence to back up all her claims. The State Govt. of Kerala has been on the forefront of digital technology for a long while and me and many of my friends have been both witness and played our small parts in whichever way to see Kerala become an IT hub. While they still do need to do a lot more but that again is a story for another day. While there was lot of back and forth between her, the hostel authorities, the father and the hostel authorities, she, her father, the hostel authorities and the college but they were unable to resolve the issues amicably. Her grounds for the fight were –

a. She is an adult and of rational mind so she can make decisions on her own.
b. She has right of privacy ( as shared by the Honorable Supreme Court in its 2017 landmark judgement)
c. She needs the mobile and the laptop for studying as her studies demand her using Internet.
d. She also relied and used the budget speech made by Minister of Finance and State Government for making internet accessible to all citizens and recognizing the right to Internet as a human right.
e. Her violation to right of property under Article 300 A.

In order to further bolster her case, through her lawyers she cited further judgements and studies which show how women are disadvantaged to Internet access, in particular she cited a UNESCO study which tells the same.

The judge, Honorable Jutice P.V. Asha guided herself with the arguments and counter-arguments by both parties, she also delved into Calicut University First Ordinances under which the University, the college and the hostel come in to see how thngs fare there. She had also asked the respondent that by using Internet has she or any other student in the hostel ever caused disturbance to any of the other inmates to which the reply was negative. The Judge also determined that if a miuse of a mobile phone or laptop has to happen, it can happen any time, anywhere and you cannot and should not control adult behavior especially when it collides with dignity and freedom of an adult. The learned counsel for the petitioner also shared resolution 23/2 in the UN General Assembly held on 24th June 2013 which talks of freedom of expression and opinion for women’s empowerment to which India is a signatory. There is also resolution 20/8 of 5th July 2012 which also underscores the point. Both the portions of the resolution can be found on page 18 of the judgement. The judge also cited few other judgements which were pointed out by the learned counsel for the petitioner, the Vishaka Judgement (1997) , the Beijing Statement and several other cases and judgement which showed how women are discriminated against under society. In the end she set aside the expulsion citing various judgements and her rationale for the same and asked the matron to take the student back and also asked the student to not humiliate the teacher or warden and she be allowed to use phone in any way she feels fit as far as she doesn’t create any disturbance to other students.

Observations – It opens up several questions which are part of society’s issues even today and probably for sometime.

a. I have been part of quite a few workshops where while I was supposed to share about GNU/Linux, more often than not I ended up sharing about how to use web access rather than advanced technologies. In this I found women to be more backward and take more time to understand and use the concepts than men. Whether it is due to just access issues or larger societal reasons ( the hidden alleged misuse of web) I just don’t know. While I do wish we could do more I don’t have any solutions.

b. As correctly pointed by Honorable Justice Asha, if a women who is pursuing B.Ed. it would harm the career of the young woman. I would opine and put one step more, wouldn’t it also be endangering her proteges, her students from getting a better teacher who is able to guide her students to the best of her ability. As we all know, rightly or wrongly almost all information is available on the net. The role of the teacher or guide is not to show information but probably more as to how to inquire and interpret information in different ways.

Kashmir

In light of the above judgement would not the same principles apply to Kashmir. There are two points shared by various people who are in favor of the lockdown. The first is National Security, National Interest and the second is Kashmiri Pandits. Let us take them one by one –

a. National Interest or/and National Security – I find this reason porous on many grounds. This Govt. is ruled by one of the richest political parties that India ever has. Without divulging further, there is such a huge range of hardware and software for the Government to surveil. With AFSA in-place and all sorts of technologies available off-the-shelf to surveil on residents that argument looks weak. Further, the Minister’s statement tells that the issue is not security of the state but something else. Of course the majoratian view is that they deserve it because they are muslims. If this is not hate, I dunno what is. A person on twitter did a social experiment where a daughter and a mother had the same conflict. The daughter’s view is that it is not right, the mother’s view being the opposite. The daughter disallowed the mother any contact with her, her husband and her daughter for 2 weeks, the mother was in tears. Then how can you think of people being blocked for 2 months.

Another variation of the argument is that militants will come and kill. Now I find it hard to believe that even after having half a million soldiers in the valley they still feel miitants can do something and they cannot. I find it a little hard to digest. There has been news now that the Taliban are involved. If this is true then they have troubled U.S. also, so if one of the most powerful armies on the earth can be stale-mated for what 19 years, are we going to put Kashmiris in lockdown for 19 years ? In fact the prejudcial face can be seen even more at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kXWZnnD6JFY-

Kashmiri Pandits – There is no doubt that there was a mass exodus of Kashmiri Hindus from the valley. Nobody disputes that. But just like the process followed in NRC, whether rightly or wrongly couldn’t the Kashmiri Pandits be sent back home. I would argue this is the best time. You have a huge contigent of forces in the valley, you can start the process, get the documents, get them back into the valley, otherwise this will continue to be something like Palestine is in Israel which has continued to an issue for both Israelis and Palestinians with no end in sight. The idea that Pakistan will not harass or do something in Kashmir in fool’s paradise. They have been doing it since 90’s, for that to have a huge population blocked from communicating is nothing but harassment. And hate will never get you anywhere. While this is more greyer than I am making it out, feel free to read this interview as well as the series called The Family Man which I found to be pretty truthful as to the greyishness of the situation out there. While most of the mainstream media gave it an average score, I found it thought-provoking. The fact is mainstream media in India no longer questions the Government excesses. Some people do and they are often targeted. I do hope to share the banking scenario and a sort of mini-banking crisis soon. Till later.

Dissonance, Rakhigiri, one-party system

I heard the term dissonance or Cognitive dissonance about a year, year and a half back. This is the strategy that BJP used to win in 2014 and in 2019. How much part did EVM’s play and how much part did the cognitive dissonance work is hard to tell and define but both have made irreperable damage to not just the economy, social fabric, institutions, the constitution but the idea of India itself. India, the country which has thousands of different cultures, castes, are for one reason or the other put into hate which seems to have no end. But before going into the politics, let me share one beautiful video which got played on social media and also quickly forgotten.

Dhol Tasha in Ganesh Chaturthi

The gentleman playing that drum is Mr. Greg Ellis. While we had Ganesh Chaturthi just a while back, the most laid-back I have seen in my whole 40+ years. While there were other dhol tasha plays which played for e.g. these two videos

and

I do like the first one though which represents what is and used to be call jugalbandi. This is where two artists talk to each other having conversation while playing their instruments. For e.g. Zakir Hussain Sahab and Shivamani and many others. but that perhaps is a story for another day.

The Science and Politics of the 4500 year old Rakhigarhi woman.

This story was broken couple of weeks back. The best way or person to perhaps explain it in plain english would perhaps be Shekhar Gupta . From the discussions you see it is much heated and contested topic.

The study that was done can be found at https://reich.hms.harvard.edu/sites/reich.hms.harvard.edu/files/inline-files/2019_Cell_ShindeNarasimhan_Rakhigarhi.pdf and https://reich.hms.harvard.edu/sites/reich.hms.harvard.edu/files/inline-files/2019_Science_NarasimhanPatterson_CentralSouthAsia.pdf . In fact you can see whole series of papers on the same topic https://reich.hms.harvard.edu/publications . Now the Indian nationalist narrative movement is that Aryan migration does not take place while others say it’s the opposite. One can look at a bit more background on the story in the Indian Express article which came a few months before, before the whole controversy erupted.

One of the best things that has happened is the ability to get the DNA from a 4500 year old specimen. This is Priya Moorani’s github repo. which helped them get the genome data. I am sure some of the Debian folks may be interested in such kind of forensic anthropology. I know I had shared bits of its previously as well but it didn’t fit well with me as I had hadn’t shared the whole narrative behind it and the positions that people have taken.

The Economy

The Economy is in a bad shape in India is in a bad shape is not a hidden thing anymore but India Inc. had been keeping quiet. Apart from Ratan Tata and Mahindra who quipped about the R-word (Recession) only two ladies seems to be able a spade, a spade and both of them called on it on NDTV . Both these ladies are wealth-creators and have made India proud, one of them even benefiting from the rupee crash but even then their heart in the right place.

The Madame above is Ms. Kiran Majumdar Shaw who is a billionaire who makes her money selling generic active pharmaceutical ingredients and other bio products to advanced countries. Businessworld had done stories on pharmaceutical development, engineering about 6-7 years back when it was an emerging industry and lot of startups had come into the field. While it is a pretty competitive field with about 60 odd companies and biocon itself shedding quite a bit of its price on the stock exchange and still she has the guts to criticize the Modi Govt.

The other is Shobhana Kamineni of Apollo Hospitals, which is in superspeciality hospitals. Both the ladies are into medicine field and both are in the high-risk and high-reward game and still they are able to speak their mind. What is and was shocking for many of us is the kind of numbers she had shared of people emigrating to elsewhere in the last 5 odd years which perhaps wasn’t the case before. In fact, couple of days back both Indian Express and the Wire ran stories showing how millionaires and billionaires are moving out of the country. This hasn’t happened in a day but over a 5 year period. While people are saying that the money is being spent on trael and education, in fact it is due to tax harrassment and structural issues in the broader economy that wealth-creators are leaving. Of course for the rest of us it is the Hindu-Muslim topics but that is another story altogether.

The Hindu-Muslim polarization

When I talk to most of the Bhakts or people who have a militant belief of the way BJP is going, one of the questions I ask is, who are these muslims, are they the ones who came from Arab or are these converted Muslims, Christians, Buddhists, Sikhs etc. Most of them were and our own people who choose to convert to a religion because they saw upward mobility in that religion. So in a way the whole debate collapses. The saddest part is whether it is Hindu-Muslim polarization or Hindu-Sikh polarization it is always one brother beating the other. Also, studies showed that in the 2002 Gujarat riots, the ones who took part in the riots were from the lowest strata of the society because by killing the Muslims, they got prestige and money in the society. While I’m sure I have shared the studies before on the site, but if not shared, please let me know and will update the same accordingly. It is somewhere in my bookmarks somewhere 🙂

Chandrayaan 2 (Update)

The Update for Chandrayaan 2 has been that it was shared by ISRO team that the last 2 kms. the thrust landers which should have been pushing against gravity and moon so that the lander would land softly did the opposite or the reverse i.e. instead of pushing against the moon/regolith gave speed which may have resulted in the crash. In few days NASA may share some photographs of the lander.

The Single-party State

One of the newest discussions that has been thrown is having a single party for the country. Now I dunno whether it is just for us to get us into another discussions or controversies as they have been doing for last so many years, just like Trump does every other day or does he mean it. If this becomes a reality, then there will be nothing left. Even the judiciary has been keeping quiet on the habeaus corpus on the Kashmir issue . In fact Shah Faesal, who if memory serves me right, came on a BJP ticket has withdrawn his habeaus corpus writ as thousands of kashmiris has no access to put up such a writ. Also the Supreme Court casual approach has baffled many of the legal luminaries in the field. At the end, I don’t really know what to look out for The economy doesn’t seem will recover in the short-to-medium term and with the Saudi fields hit, oil, petrol will climb more than ever before. Not a happy note to end on though but it is, what it is.

Update 18/09/2019 – Newslaundry shared that ANI (A Govt. mouthpiece) has been told to alter the stories on single-party state so it appears a bit differently, some papers have still carried it in the same. Youtube also has his statement on record so he can’t escape.

Freedom, Chandrayaan 2 and Corporations in Space.

Today will be a longish blogpost so please excuse if you do not want to read a long article.

While today is my birthday, I don’t feel at all like celebrating. When 8 million Kashmiris are locked down in Kashmir and 19 million to be sent in detention camp, the number may increase, how one one feel happy? Sadly, many people disregard that illegal immigration is everywhere. Whether it is UK or US, Indians too have illegally immigrated. If you look at the comments either in US or UK papers is just as toxic as you would find in twitter in India. Most of the people are uninformed of the various reasons that people choose to take a dangerous path to make home a new country. Alliances are also divided because the children grow up in another culture and then they will be ‘corrupted’ especially if women are sent back to India. The situation in India have never been as similar as they are today, see this from Najam Sethi, an internationally known left-leaning journalist
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OCcrobZMy7A
and similarly you can see how Indian and US Investigative journalism is having a slow death in both India and U.S.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=65P44plUCng

You can also see how similar the societies are going into with this conversations
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ieWZi4gm_yE
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g_1oJui2Zq8

There are good moments too as can be seen here –

People going to Ganesh Visarjan and Muharram, Hyderabad.

We always say we are better than Pakistan but we seem to be going down to the same road and that can’t be good. Forget politics, even human right issues are not being tackled sensitively by our Supreme Court. Just today there came an incident involving one of the victims of the Muzaffarpur Shelter Home being allegedlly raped in a moving car. The case has been pending in the Supreme Court for quite sometime but no action being taken so far. Journalists either in Uttar Pradesh or Haryana are being booked for showing the truth. I have been trying to engage with people from across the political divide, i.e. the ones who support BJP. Majority of them are don’t have jobs and this is the only way they can get their frustration out. Also the dissonance in political message is such they feel that their jobs are being taken by outsiders. Ironically the Ministers get away with saying things like ‘North Indians lack qualifications’ . It shows lack of empathy on the Minister’s part. If they are citizens of the state, then it is the state’s responsibility of making sure they are skilled. If they are not skilled, then it is the Central Government and State Governments responsibility. Most of the States in the North are governed by BJP. I could share more but then it will all be about BJP only and nothing about the Chandrayaan 2 mission.

Chandrayaan 2 and Corporate Interests

Before we get to Chandrayaan 2, there are few interesting series I want to talk about, share about. The first one is AltBalaji’s Mission Over Mars which in some ways is similar to Mars 6-part series Docu-drama made by National Geographic and lot of movies, books etc. read over years. In both these and other books, movies etc. it has been shown how Corporate Interests win over science and exploration which the motives of such initiatives were and are. The rich become richer and richer while the poor become more poorer.

There has been also lot of media speculation that ISRO should be privatized similar to how NASA is and people saying that NASA’s importance has not lessened even though they couldn’t have been more wrong. Take the Space Launch System . It was first though of in the 2010 after the NASA Authorization Act of 2010 came into being. When it was shared or told it was told that it would be ready somewhere in 2016. Now it seems it won’t be ready until 2025. And who is responsible for this, the same company which has been responsible for lot of bad news in the international aviation business Boeing. The auditor’s report for NASA while blaming NASA for oversight also blames Boeing for not doing things right. And from what we have come to know that in the american system of self-regulation leaves much to be desired. More so, when an ex-employee of Boeing is exercising his fifth Amendment rights which raises the suspicion that there is more than just simply an oversight issue. Boeing also is a weapons manufacturer but that’s another story altogether. For people interested in the arms stuff, a wired article published 2 years back gives enough info. as to how America is good bad or Arms sale.

I know the whole thing gives a rather complex picture but that is the nature of things. The only thing I would say is we should be very careful in privatizing ISRO as the same issues are bound to happen sooner or later, the more private and non-transparent things become. We, the common citizens would never come to know if any sort of national or industrial espionage is happening and of course all profits would be of corporates while losses will be public as seen can be nowadays. Doesn’t leave a good taste in the mouth.

Vikram Lander

Now while the jury is still out as to what happened or might have happened and we hope that Vikram does connect within the 14 days there are lots of theories as to what could have gone wrong. While I’m no expert, I do find it hard to take the statement that probably ISRO saw an image of Chandrayaan 2 lander, at least not a single image has been released in the public. What ISRO has shared in its updates is that it located a lander which doesn’t tell much. While the Chandrayaan 2 orbitor started at 100 km. lunar orbit it probably would have some deviations to make sure that the orbiter itself doesn’t get into Moon’s gravity and crash-lands on the moon itself. The lens which probably would have been used would be to take panaromic shots and not telescopic in nature. As to what happened, we just don’t know as of yet. There are probably a dozen or two probabilities. One of the most simplest explanation to my mind could be some space rock could have crashed into the lander when it was landing. The dark side of the moon has more impacts than the one which we face so it’s entirely possible that the lander got hit by a space rock or lava. From what little I have been able to learn, the lander doesn’t seem to have any A.I. to manoeuver if such a scenario happens. Also any functioning A.I. would probably need more energy and for space missions energy, weight, electrical interference, contamination are all issues that Space Agencies have to deal with it. The other is of course, sensor failure, wrong calculation or a rough spot where it landed and broke the antennae. Till ISRO doesn’t share more details with us, we have only conjecture to help us.

Chandrayaan 2 Imaging

While we await news about the lander, would be curious to know about the images that Chandrayaan 2 is getting. Sadly, none of the images have made it to the public domain as of yet. Whether the images are in FITS or RAW format and whatever spectrum, (Chandrayaan 2 is going to image in a wide range of spectrum.) . Like Spirit and Opportunity did for NASA, I hope ISRO does show renderings of Moon as captured by the Orbitor, even though its lifeless so people, especially children get enthused about getting into Space Sciences .

Depression, Harrapa, Space program

I was and had been depressed mostly when the election results were out. I was expecting like many others that Congress will come into power, but it didn’t . With that, came one bad after other, whether it was on politics (Jammu and Kashmir, Assam) both of which from my POV are inhumane not just on citizenship but even simply on humane levels. How people can behave like this with each other is beyond me. On the Economic Front, the less said the better. We are in midst of a prolonged recession and don’t see things turning out for the better any time soon. But as we have to come to terms with it and somehow live day-to-day, we are living. Because of the web, came to know there are so many countries where it is happening right now, whether it is Britian (Brexit), South Africa, Brazil. In fact, the West Papu thing is similar in many ways to what happened in Kashmir. Of course each region has its own complexities but this can be safely said that such events are happening all over. In every incident, one way ‘The Other’ is demonized. This has happened in all of the above incidents.

One question I have often asked and have had no clear answers. If Germany knew that Israel would be big and strong as it is now, would they have done what they did ? Had they known that Einstein, A Jew would go on to change the face of Science. Would America have been great without Einstein to such a degree ? I was flabbergasted when I saw ‘The Red Sea Diving Resort‘ which is based on real life done by Mossad as shared in the pictures after the movie.

Even among such blackness, I do see some hope. One thing which has good has been the rise of independant media. While the mainstream media has become completely ridiculous and instead of questioning the Government is toeing its line, independant media is trying to do what mainstream media should have been doing all along. I wouldn’t say much about this otherwise the whole blog post would be about independant India only. Maybe some other day 🙂

Harrapan Civilization

One of the more interesting things, videos has been the gamification of Evolution. There is a game called ‘Ancestors, the Humankind Odyssey‘ . While sadly the game is only on Epic Games Store, I have been following the gameplay as shared by GameRiotArmy . While almost all the people who are playing the game have divorced it from their personal beliefs because of the whole evolution, natural selection vs creationism debate, the game itself feeds on the evolution and natural selection bits. The game is open-world in nature. The only quibble I have is it should have started with the big bang but then it probably would have been too long a game perhaps. I am sure for many people, even this gameplay when the game would be complete would be at least 20-30 episodes .

The Harrappan bit comes in when the following bits came onto twitter . While looking into it, saw this also. I think most of the libraries for it are already in Debian. The papers they are presenting can be found at this link for those interested. What is/was interesting is that the ancient DNA they found is supposed to be Dravidian. As can be seen from the atlantic piece it is pretty political in nature hence the researchers are trying to just do their job. It does make for some interesting reading though.

Space, Chandrayaan 2 and Mars-sim

As far as space is concerned, it has been an eventful week. India crash-landed Chandrayaan 2. While it is too early to say what has gone wrong and we are waiting for the scientists to confirm exactly what went wrong, it came to the fore for the wrong reasons. The images with Mr. Modi and how he reacted before and after became the story rather than what Chandrayaan 2 will be doing. Also it came to the fore that ISRO’s scientists salaries have been cut which is a saddening affair. I had already spoken before how I had spoken to some ISRO scientists for merch. and how they had shared, that merchandising only happens in Gujarat. It really seems sad.

The only thing we know as of date is that we lost communications when it was two and half kilometers before touching the surface of the moon. I do hope there are lots of sensors which have captured but do also understand they can’t put many due to problems like cross-talk as well as power issues probably. I do hope that the lander is able to communicate with the orbiter and soon the lander starts on its wheels. Even if it does not, there is lots the orbiter will be able to do as shared by this twitter thread. I shared the unroll from threadreaderapp. Although I do hope it does start talking and takes baby steps.

As far as mars-sim is concerned, a game I am helping in my spare-time, it is going to take lot of time. We are hoping kotlin comes soon. I am thankful to the Java-team and hopefully the packages which are in NEW come to Debian archive soonish and we have kotlin in Debian. I know this will help with update to gradle as well, which is the reason that kotlin is coming in.

Debutsav Mumbai and itsfoss.com changes

Before starting of today’s blog post I will be sharing a video of food which will definitely make you hungry. So make sure you are either eating something or have eaten fully before seeing the video below.

The video is from a place called Aaoji Khaaoji Restaurant which is on J.M. Road . It is a proper foodie place. They have two offers there, if you can eat their whole Thali by yourself they will either feed you your whole life or you can take double the money you paid. Don’t think anybody has been even able to finish half of that thali.

Debutsav Mumbai

While I and a few members of Debian India has been trying to get a debutsav Mumbai happening, now we have the dates for the event as it was announced today on the mailing list. While there are definitely lot of things that would need to be done in order for a successful Debtusav to happen, at least we have got the dates so other things can get start moving.

Itsfoss.com

Another thing that I am sharing is that itsfoss.com, where I write debian-related articles would be going through some interesting changes. While I’m not at liberty to share the changes, the changes are and would be interesting to say the least. The only hint or giveaway I can give is that the changes may be seen in the new few weeks or at the most a month. All the rest, till later 🙂