PrimeZ270-p, Intel i7400 review and Debian – 1

This is going to be a biggish one as well.

This is a continuation from my last blog post .

Before diving into installation, I had been reading for quite a while Matthew Garett’s work. Thankfully most of his blog posts do get mirrored on hence it is easy to get some idea as what needs to be done although have told him (I think even shared here) that he should somehow make his site more easily navigable. Trying to find posts on either ‘GPT’ and ‘UEFI’ and to have those posts in an ascending or descending way date-wise is not possible, at least I couldn’t find a way to do it as he doesn’t do it date-wise or something.

The closest I could come to is sing ‘$keyword’ site: via a search-engine and go through the entries shared therein. This doesn’t mean I don’t value his contribution. It is in fact, the opposite. AFAIK he was one of the first people who drew the community’s attention when UEFI came in and only Microsoft Windows could be booted on them, nothing else.

I may be wrong but AFAIK he was the first one to talk about having a shim and was part of getting people to be part of the shim process.

While I’m sure Matthew’s understanding may have evolved significantly from what he had shared before, it was two specific blog posts that I had to re-read before trying to install MS-Windows and then Debian-GNU/Linux system on it. .

I went to a friend’s house who had windows 7 running at his end, I ran over there, used diskpart and did the change to GPT using Windows technet article.

I had to use/go the GPT way as I understood that MS-Windows takes all the four primary partitions for itself, leaving nothing for any other operating system to do/use .

I did the conversion to GPT and tried to have MS-Windows 10 as my current motherboard and all future motherboards from Intel Gen7/Gen8 onwards do not support anything less than Windows 10. I did see an unofficial patch floating on github somewhere but now have lost the reference to it. I had read some of the bug-reports of the repo. which seemed to suggest it was still a work in progress.

Now this is where it starts becoming a bit… let’s say interesting.

Now a friend/client of mine offered me a job to review MS-Windows 10, with his product keys of course. I was a bit hesitant as it had been a long time since I had worked with MS-Windows and didn’t know if I could do it or not, the other was a suspicion that I might like it too much. While I did review it, I found –

a. It it one heck of a bloatware – I had thought MS-Windows would have learned it by now but no, they still have to have to learn that adware and bloatware aren’t solutions. I still can’t get my head wrapped around as to how 4.1 GB of an MS-WIndows ISO gets extracted to 20 GB and still have to install shit-loads of third-party tools to actually get anything done. Just amazed (and not in good way.) .

Just to share as an example I still had to get something like Revo Uninstaller as MS-Windows even till date hasn’t learned to uninstall programs cleanly and needs a tool like that to clean the registry and other places to remove the titbits left along the way.

Edit/Update – It still doesn’t have Fall Creators Update which is still supposed to be another 4 GB+ iso which god only knows how much space that will take.

b. It’s still not gold – With all the hoopla around MS-Windows 10 that I had been hearing and seeing ads, I was under the impression that MS-Windows had turned gold i.e. it had a release like Debian would have ‘buster’ something around next year probably around or after 2019 Debconf is held. Windows 10 Microsoft would be released around July 2018, so it’s still a few months off.

c. I had read an insightful article few years ago by a Junior Microsoft employee sharing/emphasizing why MS cannot do GNU/Linux volunteer/bazaar type of development. To put in not so many words, it came down to the cultural differences the way two communities operate. While in GNU/Linux a one more patch, one more pull request will be encouraged, and it may be integrated in that point release or it can’t it would be in the next point release (unless it changes something much more core/fundamentally which needs more in-depth review) MS-Windows on the other hand, actively discourages that sort of behavior as it meant more time for integration and testing and from the sound of it MS still doesn’t do Continuous Integration (CI), regressive testing etc. as is common in many GNU/Linux common projects more and more.

I wish I could have shared the article but don’t have the link anymore. @Lazyweb, if you would be so kind so as to help find that article. The developer had shared some sort of ssh credentials or something to prove who he was which he later to remove (probably) because of the consequences to him for sharing that insight were not worth it, although the writings seemed to be valid.

There were many more quibbles but shared the above ones. For e.g. copying files from hdd to usb disks doesn’t tell how much time it takes, while in Debian I’ve come to see time taken for any operation as guaranteed.

Before starting on to the main issue, some info. before-hand although I don’t know how relevant or not that info. might be –

Prime Z270-P uses EFI 2.60 by American Megatrends –

/home/shirish> sudo dmesg | grep -i efi
[sudo] password for shirish:
[ 0.000000] efi: EFI v2.60 by American Megatrends

I can share more info. if needed later.

Now as I understood/interpretated info. found on the web and by experience Microsoft makes quite a few more partitions than necessary to get MS-Windows installed.

This is how it stacks up/shows up –

> sudo fdisk -l
Disk /dev/sda: 3.7 TiB, 4000787030016 bytes, 7814037168 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt
Disk identifier: xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Device Start End Sectors Size Type
/dev/sda1 34 262177 262144 128M Microsoft reserved
/dev/sda2 264192 1185791 921600 450M Windows recovery environment
/dev/sda3 1185792 1390591 204800 100M EFI System
/dev/sda4 1390592 3718037503 3716646912 1.7T Microsoft basic data
/dev/sda5 3718037504 3718232063 194560 95M Linux filesystem
/dev/sda6 3718232064 5280731135 1562499072 745.1G Linux filesystem
/dev/sda7 5280731136 7761199103 2480467968 1.2T Linux filesystem
/dev/sda8 7761199104 7814035455 52836352 25.2G Linux swap

I had made 2 GB for /boot in MS-Windows installer as I had thought it would take only some space and leave the rest for Debian GNU/Linux’s /boot to put its kernel entries, tools to check memory and whatever else I wanted to have on /boot/debian but for some reason I have not yet understood, that didn’t work out as I expected it to be.

Device Start End Sectors Size Type
/dev/sda1 34 262177 262144 128M Microsoft reserved
/dev/sda2 264192 1185791 921600 450M Windows recovery environment
/dev/sda3 1185792 1390591 204800 100M EFI System
/dev/sda4 1390592 3718037503 3716646912 1.7T Microsoft basic data

As seen in the above, the first four primary partitions are taken by MS-Windows themselves. I just wish I had understood how to use GPT disklabels properly so I could figure out things better, but it seems (for reasons not fully understood) why the efi partition is a lowly 100 MB which I suspect where /boot is when I asked it to be 2 GB. Is that UEFI doing, Microsoft’s doing or something which is a default bit, dunno. Having the EFI partition smaller hampers the way I want to do things as will be clear in a short while from now.

After I installed MS-Windows, I installed Debian GNU/Linux using the net install method.

The following is what I had put on piece of paper as what partitions would be for GNU/Linux –

/boot – 512 MB (should be enough to accommodate couple of kernel versions, memory checking and any other tools I might need in the future.

/ – 700 GB – well admittedly that looks insane a bit but I do like to play with new programs/binaries as and when possible and don’t want to run out of space as and when I forget to clean it up.

[off-topic, wishlist] One tool I would like to have (and dunno if it’s there) is an ability to know when I installed a package, how many times I have used it, how frequently and the ability to add small notes or description to the package. Many a times I have seen that the package description is either too vague or doesn’t focus on the practical usefulness of a package to me .

An easy example to share what I mean would be the apt package –

aptitude show apt
Package: apt
Version: 1.6~alpha6
Essential: yes
State: installed
Automatically installed: no
Priority: required
Section: admin
Maintainer: APT Development Team
Architecture: amd64
Uncompressed Size: 3,840 k
Depends: adduser, gpgv | gpgv2 | gpgv1, debian-archive-keyring, libapt-pkg5.0 (>= 1.6~alpha6), libc6 (>= 2.15), libgcc1 (>= 1:3.0), libgnutls30 (>= 3.5.6), libseccomp2 (>=1.0.1), libstdc++6 (>= 5.2)
Recommends: ca-certificates
Suggests: apt-doc, aptitude | synaptic | wajig, dpkg-dev (>= 1.17.2), gnupg | gnupg2 | gnupg1, powermgmt-base, python-apt
Breaks: apt-transport-https (< 1.5~alpha4~), apt-utils (< 1.3~exp2~), aptitude (< 0.8.10)
Replaces: apt-transport-https (< 1.5~alpha4~), apt-utils (< 1.3~exp2~)
Provides: apt-transport-https (= 1.6~alpha6)
Description: commandline package manager
This package provides commandline tools for searching and managing as well as querying information about packages as a low-level access to all features of the libapt-pkg library.

These include:
* apt-get for retrieval of packages and information about them from authenticated sources and for installation, upgrade and removal of packages together with their dependencies
* apt-cache for querying available information about installed as well as installable packages
* apt-cdrom to use removable media as a source for packages
* apt-config as an interface to the configuration settings
* apt-key as an interface to manage authentication keys

Now while I love all the various tools that the apt package has, I do have special fondness for $apt-cache rdepends $package

as it gives another overview of a package or library or shared library that I may be interested in and which other packages are in its orbit.

Over period of time it becomes easy/easier to forget packages that you don’t use day-to-day hence having something like such a tool would be a god-send where you can put personal notes about packages. Another could be reminders of tickets posted upstream or something on those lines. I don’t know of any tool/package which does something on those lines. [/off-topic, wishlist]

/home – 1.2 TB

swap – 25.2 GB

Admit I got a bit overboard on swap space but as and when I get more memory at least should have swap 1:1 right. I am not sure if the old rules would still apply or not.

Then I used Debian buster alpha 2 netinstall iso and put it on the usb stick. I did use the sha1sum to ensure that the netinstall iso was the same as the original one

After that simply doing a dd if of was enough to copy the net install to the usb stick.

I did have some issues with the installation which I’ll share in the next post but the most critical issue was that I had to again do make a /boot and even though I made /boot as a separate partition and gave 1 GB to it during the partitioning step, I got only 100 MB and I have no idea why it is like that.

/dev/sda5 3718037504 3718232063 194560 95M Linux filesystem

> df -h /boot
Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/sda5 88M 68M 14M 84% /boot

home/shirish> ls -lh /boot
total 55M
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 193K Dec 22 19:42 config-4.14.0-2-amd64
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 193K Jan 15 01:15 config-4.14.0-3-amd64
drwx------ 3 root root 1.0K Jan 1 1970 efi
drwxr-xr-x 5 root root 1.0K Jan 20 10:40 grub
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 19M Jan 17 10:40 initrd.img-4.14.0-2-amd64
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 21M Jan 20 10:40 initrd.img-4.14.0-3-amd64
drwx------ 2 root root 12K Jan 1 17:49 lost+found
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 2.9M Dec 22 19:42
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 2.9M Jan 15 01:15
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 4.4M Dec 22 19:42 vmlinuz-4.14.0-2-amd64
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 4.7M Jan 15 01:15 vmlinuz-4.14.0-3-amd64

root@debian:/boot/efi/EFI# ls -lh
total 3.0K
drwx------ 2 root root 1.0K Dec 31 21:38 Boot
drwx------ 2 root root 1.0K Dec 31 19:23 debian
drwx------ 4 root root 1.0K Dec 31 21:32 Microsoft

I would be the first to say I don’t really the understand this EFI business.

The only thing I do understand that it’s good that even without OS it becomes easier to see that all the components if you change/add which would or would not work in BIOS. In bios, getting info on components were iffy at best.

There have been other issues with EFI which I may take in another blog post but for now I would be happy if somebody can share –

how to have a big /boot/ so it’s not a small partition for debian boot. I don’t see any value in having a bigger /boot for MS-Windows unless there is a way to also get grub2 pointer/header added in MS-Windows bootloader. Will share the reasons for it in the next blog post.

I am open to reinstalling both MS-Windows and Debian from scratch although that would happen when debian-buster-alpha3 arrives. Any answer to the above would give me something to try the solution and share if I get the desired result.

Looking forward for answers.


PC desktop build, Intel, spectre issues etc.

This is and would be a longish one.

I have been using desktop computers for around couple of decades now. My first two systems were an Intel Pentium III and then a Pentium Dual-core, the first one on kobian/mercury motherboard. The motherboards were actually called Mercury and was a brand which was later sold to Kobian which kept the brand-name. The motherboards and the CPU/processor used to be cheap. One could set up a decentish low-end system with display for around INR 40k/- which seemed to be decent as a country we had just come out of non-alignment movement and also chose to come out of isolationist tendencies (technology and otherwise as well). Most middle-class income families got their first taste of computers after y2k. There were quite a few y2k incomes which prompted the Government to lose duties further.

One of the highlights during 1991 when satellite TV came was shown by CNN (probably CNN International) was the coming down of the Berlin Wall. There were many of us who were completely ignorant of world politics or what is/was happening in other parts of the world.

Computer systems at those times were considered a luxury item and duties were sky-high ( between 1992-2001). The launch of Mars Pathfinder, its subsequent successful landing on the Martian surface also catapulted people’s imagination about PCs and micro-processors.

I can still recall the excitement that was among young people of my age first seeing the liftoff from Cape Canaveral and then later the processed images of Spirits cameras showing images of a desolate desert-type land. We also witnessed the beginnings of ‘International Space Station‘ (ISS) .

Me and few of my friends had drunk lot of Carl Sagan and many other sci-fi coolaids/stories. Star Trek, the movies and the universal values held/shared by them was a major influence to all our lives.

People came to know about citizen based science or projects/distributed science projects, y2k fear appeared to be unfounded all these factors and probably a few more prompted the Government of India to reduce duties on motherboards, processors, components as well as taking Computers out of the restricted list which lead to competition and finally the common man being able to dream of a system sooner than later. Y2K also kick-started the beginnings of Indian software industry which is the bread and butter of many a middle class men-women who are in the service industry using technology directly or indirectly.

In 2002 I bought my first system, an Intel Pentium III, i810 chipset (integrated graphics) with 256 MB of SDRAM which was supposed to be sufficient for the tasks it was being used for, Some light gaming, some web-mails, seeing movies,etc running on a mercury board. I don’t remember the code-name partly because the code-names are/were really weird and partly because it is just too long ago. I remember using Windows ’98 and trying to install one of the early GNU/Linux variants on that machine. Ir memory serves right, you had to flick a jumper (like a switch) to use the extended memory.

I do not know/remember what happened but I think somewhere in a year or two in that time-frame Mercury India filed for bankruptcy and the name, manufacturing was sold to Kobian. After Kobian took over the ownership, it said it would neither honor the 3/5 year warranty or even repairs on the motherboards Mercury had sold, it created a lot of bad will against the company and relegated itself to the bottom of the pile for both experienced and new system-builders. Also mercury motherboards weren’t reputed/known to have a long life although the one I had gave me quite a decent life.

The next machine I purchased was a Pentium Dual-core, (around 2009/2010) LGA a Williamnette which had out-of-order execution, the bug meltdown which is making news nowadays has history this far back. I think I bought it in 45nm which was a huge jump from the previous version although still secure in the mATX package. Again the board was from mercury. (Intel 845 chipset, DDR2 2 GB RAM and SATA came to stay).

So meltdown has been in existence for 10-12 odd years and is in everything which either uses Intel or ARM processors.

As you can probably make-out most systems came stretched out 2-3 years later than when they were launched in American or/and European markets. Also business or tourism travel was neither so easy, smooth or transparent as is today. All of which added to delay in getting new products in India.

Sadly, the Indian market is similar to other countries where Intel is used in more than 90% machines. I know of few institutions (though pretty much rare) who insisted and got AMD solutions.

That was the time when gigabyte came onto the scene which formed the basis of the Wolfdale-3M 45nm system which was in the same price range as the earlier models, and offered a weeny tiny bit of additional graphics performance.To the best of my knowledge, it was perhaps the first motherboard which had solid state capacitors being offered/put in a budget motherboard. The mobo-processor bundle used to be in the range of INR 7/8k excluding RAM. cabinet etc, I had a Philips 17″ CRT display which ran a good decade or so, so just had to get the new cabinet, motherboard, CPU, RAM and was good to go.

Few months later at a hardware exhibition held in the city I was invited to an Asus party which was just putting a toe-hold in the Indian market. I went to the do, enjoyed myself. They had a small competition where they asked some questions and asked if people had queries. To my surprise, I found that most people who were there were hardware vendors and for one reason or the other they chose to remain silent. Hence I got an AMD Asus board. This is different from winning another Gigabyte motherboard which I also won in the same year in another competition as well in the same time-frame. Both were mid-range motherboards (ATX build).

As I had just bought a Gigabyte (mATX) motherboard and had made the build, I had to give both the motherboards away, one to a friend and one to my uncle and both were pleased with the AMD-based mobos which they somehow paired with AMD processors. At that time AMD had one-upped Intel in both graphics and even bare computing especially at the middle level and they were striving to push into new markets.

Apart from the initial system bought, most of my systems when being changed were in the INR 20-25k/- budget including all and any accessories I bought later.

The only real expensive parts I purchased have been external hdd ( 1 TB WD passport) and then a Viewsonic 17″ LCD which together sent me back by around INR 10k/- but both seem to give me adequate performance (both have outlived the warranty years) with the monitor being used almost 24×7 over 6 years or so, of course over GNU/Linux specifically Debian. Both have been extremely well value for the money.

As I had been exposed to both the motherboards I had been following those and other motherboards as well. What was and has been interesting to observe what Asus did later was to focus more on the high-end gaming market while Gigabyte continued to dilute it energy both in the mid and high-end motherboards.

Cut to 2017 and had seen quite a few reports –

All of which points to the fact that Asus had cornered a large percentage of the market and specifically the gaming market . While there are no formal numbers as both Asus and Gigabyte choose to releases only APAC numbers rather than a country-wide split which would have made for some interesting reading.

Just so that people do not presume anything, there are about 4-5 motherboard vendors in the Indian market. There is Asus at the top (I believe) followed by Gigabyte, Intel at a distant 3rd place (because it’s too expensive). There are also pockets of Asrock and MSI and I know of people who follow them religiously although their mobos are supposed to be somewhat pensive than the two above. Asus and Gigabyte do try to fight out with each other but each has its core competency I believe with Asus being used by heavy gamers, overclockers more than Gigabyte.

Anyway come October 2017 and my main desktop died and am left as they say up the creek without the paddle. I didn’t even have Net access for about 3 weeks due to BSNL or PMC’s foolishness and then later small riots breaking out due to Koregaon Bhima conflict.

This led to a situation where I had to buy/build a system with oldish/half knowledge. I was open to having an AMD system but both datacare and even Rashi peripherals, Pune both of whom used to deal in AMD systems shared they had stopped dealing in AMD stuff sometime back. While datacare had AMD mobos, getting processors were an issue. Both the vendors are near to my home so if I buy from them getting support becomes an non-issue. I could have gone out of my way to get an AMD processor but getting support could have been an issue as would have had to travel and I do not know the vendors enough. Hence fell back to the Intel platform.

I asked around quite a few PC retailers and distributors around and found the Asus Prime Z270-P was the only mid-range motherboard available at that time. I did come to know a bit later of other motherboards in the z270 series but most vendors didn’t/don’t stock them as there is capital, interest and stock cost.

History – Historically, there has also been huge time lag in getting motherboards, processors etc. between worldwide announcements, and then announcements of sale in India and actually getting hands-on to the newest motherboards and processors as seen above. This had led to quite a bit of frustration to many a users. I have known of many a soul visiting Lamington Road, Mumbai to get the latest motherboard, processor. Even to-date this system flourishes as Mumbai has an International Airport and there is always a demand and people willing to pay a premium for the newest processor/motherboard even before any reviews are in.

I was highly surprised to know recently that Prime Z370-P motherboards are already selling (just 3 months late) with the Intel 8th generation processors although these are still as samples rather than a torrent some of the other motherboard-combo might be.

At the end I bought an Intel I7400 chip and an Asus Prime Z270-P motherboard with 2400 mhz Corsair 8 GB and a 4 TB WD Green (5400) HDD with a Circle 545 cabinet and (with the almost criminal 400 Watts SMPS). Later came to know that it’s not really even 400 Watts, but around 20-25% less . The whole package costed me north of INR 50k/- with still need to spend on a better SMPS (probably a Cosair or Coolermaster 80 600/650 SMPS) with a few accessories I still need to complete the system.

I will be changing the PSU most probably next week.

Circle SMPS Picture

Asus motherboard, i7400 and RAM

Disclosure – The neatness you see is not me. I was unsure if I would be able to put the heatsink on the CPU properly as that is the most sensitive part while building a system. A bent pin on the CPU could play havoc as well as void the warranty on the CPU or motherboard or both. The new thing I saw were the knobs that can be seen on the heatsink fan is something which I hadn’t seen before. The vendor did the fixing of the processor on the mobo for me as well as tied up the remaining power cables without asking for which I am and was grateful and would definitely provide him with more business as and when I need components.

Future – While it’s ok for now, I’m still using a pretty old 2 speaker setup which I hope to upgrade to either a 2.1/3.1 speaker setup, have full 64 GB 2400 Mhz Kingston Razor/G.Skill/Corsair memory, an M.2 512 MB SSD .

If I do get the Taiwan Debconf bursary I do hope to buy some or all of the above plus a Samsung or some other Android/Replicant/Librem smartphone. I have been also looking for a vastly simplified smartphone for my mum with big letters and everything but that has been a failure to find in the Indian market. Of course this all depends if I do get the bursary and even after the bursary if Global warranty and currency exchange works out in my favor vis-a-vis what I would have to pay in India.

Apart from above, Taiwan is supposed to be a pretty good source to get graphic novels, manga comics, lots of RPG games for very cheap prices with covers and hand-drawn material etc. All of this is based upon few friend’s anecdotal experiences so dunno if all of that would still hold true if I manage to be there.

There are also quite a few chip foundries and maybe during debconf could have visit to one of them if possible. It would be rewarding if the visit was to any 45nm or lower chip foundry as India is still stuck at 65nm range till date.

I would be sharing about my experience about the board, the CPU, the expectations I had from the Intel chip and the somewhat disappointing experience of using Debian on the new board in the next post, not necessarily Debian’s fault but the free software ecosystem being at fault here.

Feel free to point out any mistakes you find, grammatically or even otherwise. The blog post has been in the works for over couple of weeks so its possible for mistakes to creep in.

Choiceless choice – A brother’s predicament

There were 4 cousins. 3 girls and one boy. The girls were sisters (born to the same mother) while the cousin was a paternal cousin. The three girls doted on the brother as the brother they didn’t have and he adored the three of them as the sisters he never had. They would often get into fights, arguments, trouble all at the same time.

The brother was closest to the eldest sister as she was nearer to his age. They would often talk about school, bunking, movies and would really listen to each other’s viewpoints.

Few years later, both the sister and the brother went through the adolescence and the brother shifted slightly apart. He was a single mom’s son and had no knowledge or understanding of the body changes that were happening to him. He was beginning to be attracted to girls and women in a sexual way and he knew his cousin sister was beautiful and didn’t want to do any wrong action, wrong behavior etc.

They did meet but it was somewhat of a strained relationship now. Few months later, the sister asked and told to the brother about a guy who was pestering her, looked decent, had asked for her hand in marriage and asked what he should do. How should she know if the boy/guy was earning something or not.

The brother had no answers. Just few months before, he had gone to attend a maternal cousin’s marriage and had experienced first-hand how much fear and insecurity the girl’s family is till the time the engagement doesn’t happen. He happens to overhear his sister trying to figure out her would-be-huband’s morality by talking on the phone s an imposter (to figure out his character.) The sister’s mother comes to know of this and the young cousin brother is plied with cold-drinks, his blackmail till the engagement does not happen.

The effect of this experience had thought the blackmailing brother that it is a very sensitive matter, not to be taken lightly.

He didn’t want to upset his sister, tried to see if a solution came to his head but nothing came. He could go to the R.T.O. (Road Transport Operator) and see if he can get to know if the bike was in the guy’s name but he neither knew how to bribe an official or agent nor he knew what the expenses of such kind of info. would be

He could try to go to the detective in the next lane but again the expenses involved and the whether the detective was good and would be discreet enough bothered him.

He had also seen a few hindi romantic movies so in his immature mind, he thought perhaps she was making a good choice. It is told that women are better judge of men/people.

Few months later, the sister told she married the guy but was still living at her father’s as they were trying to find accommodation.

Few weeks later she asked to borrow money from the brother. The brother hadn’t started working and whatever little money he got as pocket money would go for movies, sometimes junk food and travel around the city.

She also asked him if there was a way she could stay at his place. He declined as he was partly still attracted to her (even though nothing happened) and partly he knew there would be problems at home. Also he knew that her father could be easily provoked.

Few weeks later, he came to know his sister committed suicide.

This happened around 1992-’93 . It is 2018 now.

The brother feels guilty that he couldn’t help his sister when she needed him the most. He didn’t marry but can’t get rid of the guilt.

Was there something the brother could have done ?

The sister hadn’t graduated before marrying and the brother was in his last year of graduation.

Of course, now you can’t land a job unless you have done 2-3 professional courses and have some internships under your belt.

Talking with elders was no-no as the sister’s parents were not close to her. The brother didn’t know how to talk to his mother as she was a working woman and again that bit of emotional connect which should have been there was missing (the brother came to know later it was because the mother thought that the son could be taken away from her any time so she didn’t want to be in pain.)

While this happened so many years back, it could still happen in 2018, I guess.

RequestPolicy Continued

Dear Friends,

First up, I saw a news item about Indian fake e-visa portal. As it is/was Sunday, I decided to see if there indeed is such a mess. I dug out torbrowser-bundle (tbb), checked the IP it was giving me (some Canadian IP starting from ( typed in ‘Indian visa application’ and used to see which result cropped up first.

I deliberately used tbb as I wanted to ensure it wasn’t coming from an Indian IP where the chances of Indian e-visa portal being fake should be negligible. Scamsters would surely be knowledgable to differ between IPs coming from India and from some IP from some other country.

The first result gave was

I then proceeded to download whois on my new system (more on that in another blog post

$ sudo aptitude install whois

and proceeded to see if it’s the genuine thing or not and this is the information I got –

$ whois
Access to .IN WHOIS information is provided to assist persons in determining the contents of a domain name registration record in the .IN registry database. The data in this record is provided by .IN Registry for informational purposes only, and .IN does not guarantee its accuracy. This service is intended only for query-based access. You agree that you will use this data only for lawful purposes and that, under no circumstances will you use this data to: (a) allow, enable, or otherwise support the transmission by e-mail, telephone, or facsimile of mass unsolicited, commercial advertising or solicitations to entities other than the data recipient's own existing customers; or (b) enable high volume, automated, electronic processes that send queries or data to the systems of Registry Operator, a Registrar, or Afilias except as reasonably necessary to register domain names or modify existing registrations. All rights reserved. .IN reserves the right to modify these terms at any time. By submitting this query, you agree to abide by this policy.

Domain ID:D4126837-AFIN
Created On:01-Apr-2010 12:10:51 UTC
Last Updated On:18-Apr-2017 22:32:00 UTC
Expiration Date:01-Apr-2018 12:10:51 UTC
Sponsoring Registrar:National Informatics Centre (R12-AFIN)
Registrant ID:dXN4emZQYOGwXU6C
Registrant Name:Director Immigration and Citizenship
Registrant Organization:Ministry of Home Affairs
Registrant Street1:NDCC-II building
Registrant Street2:Jaisingh Road
Registrant Street3:
Registrant City:New Delhi
Registrant State/Province:Delhi
Registrant Postal Code:110001
Registrant Country:IN
Registrant Phone:+91.23438035
Registrant Phone Ext.:
Registrant FAX:+91.23438035
Registrant FAX Ext.:
Admin ID:dXN4emZQYOvxoltA
Admin Name:Director Immigration and Citizenship
Admin Organization:Ministry of Home Affairs
Admin Street1:NDCC-II building
Admin Street2:Jaisingh Road
Admin Street3:
Admin City:New Delhi
Admin State/Province:Delhi
Admin Postal Code:110001
Admin Country:IN
Admin Phone:+91.23438035
Admin Phone Ext.:
Admin FAX:+91.23438035
Admin FAX Ext.:
Tech ID:jiqNEMLSJPA8a6wT
Tech Name:Rakesh Kumar
Tech Organization:National Informatics Centre
Tech Street1:National Data Centre
Tech Street2:Shashtri Park
Tech Street3:
Tech City:New Delhi
Tech State/Province:Delhi
Tech Postal Code:110053
Tech Country:IN
Tech Phone:+91.24305154
Tech Phone Ext.:
Tech FAX:
Tech FAX Ext.:
Name Server:NS1.NIC.IN
Name Server:NS2.NIC.IN
Name Server:NS7.NIC.IN
Name Server:NS10.NIC.IN
Name Server:
Name Server:
Name Server:
Name Server:
Name Server:
Name Server:
Name Server:
Name Server:
Name Server:

It seems to be a legitimate site as almost all information seems to be legit. I know for a fact, that all or 99% of all Indian government websites are done by NIC or National Institute of Computing. The only thing which rankled me was that DNSSEC was unsigned but then haven’t seen NIC being as pro-active about web-security as they should be as they handle many government sensitive internal and external websites.

I did send an email for them imploring them to use the new security feature.

To be doubly sure, one could also use an add-on like showip add it your firefox profile and using any of the web services obtain the IP Address of the website.

For instance, the same website which we are investigating gives

Doing a whois of tells that NICNET has got/purchased a whole range of addresses i.e. – which is 65025 addresses which it uses.

One can see NIC’s wikipedia page to understand the scope it works under.

So from both accounts, it is safe to assume that the web-site and page is legit.

Well, that’s about it for the site. While this is and should be trivial to most Debian users, it might or might not be to all web users but it is one way in which you can find if a site is legitimate.

Few weeks back, I read Colin’s blog post about Kitten Block which also was put on p.d.o.

So let me share RequestPolicy Continued –

Requestpolicy Continued Mozilla Add-on

This is a continuation of RequestPolicy which was abandoned (upstream) by the original developer and resides in the Debian repo.

I did file a ticket stating both the name-change and where the new watch file should point at 870607

What it does is similar to what Adblock/Kitten Block does + more. It basically restricts any third-party domain from having permission to show to you. It is very similar to another add-on called u-block origin .

I liked RPC as it’s known because it hardly has any learning curve.

You install the add-on, see which third-party domains you need and just allow them. For instance, many websites nowadays, is used by many sites, pictures or pictography content is usually looked after by either cloudflare or cloudfront.

One of the big third parties that you would encounter of-course is and Lot of people use gstatic and its brethren for spam protection but they come with cost of user-identifibility and also the controversial crowdsourced image recognition.

It is a good add-on which does remind you of competing offerings elsewhere but also a stark reminder of how much google has penetrated and to what levels within sites.

I use tor-browser and RPC as my browsing is distraction-free as loads of sites have nowadays moved to huge bandwidth consuming animated ads etc. While I’m on a slow non-metered (eat/surf all you want) kind of service, for those using metered (x bytes for y price including upload and download) the above is also a god-send..

On the upstream side, they do need help both with development and testing the build. While I’m not sure, I think the maintainer didn’t reply or do anything for my bug as he knew that Web-Exensions are around the corner. Upstream has said he hopes to have a new build compatible with web extensions by the end of February 2018.

On the debian side of things, I have filed 870607 but know it probably will be acted once the port to web-extensions has been completed and some testing done so might take time.

The VR Show

One of the things If I had got the visa on time for Debconf 15 (Germany) apart from the conference itself was the attention on VR (Virtual Reality) and AR (Augmented Reality) . I had heard the hype so much for so many years that I wanted to experience and did know that with Debianities who might be perhaps a bit better in crystal-gazing and would have perhaps more of an idea as I had then. The only VR which I knew about was from Hollywood movies and some VR videos but that doesn’t tell you anything. Also while movie like Chota-Chetan and others clicked they were far lesser immersive than true VR has to be.

I was glad that it didn’t happen after the fact as in 2016 while going to the South African Debconf I experienced VR at Qatar Airport in a Samsung showroom. I was quite surprised as how heavy the headset was and also surprised by how little content they had. Something which has been hyped for 20 odd years had not much to show for it. I was also able to trick the VR equipment as the eye/motion tracking was not good enough so if you put shook the head fast enough it couldn’t keep up with you.

I shared the above as I was invited to another VR conference by a web-programmer/designer friend Mahendra couple of months ago here in Pune itself . We attended the conference and were showcased quite a few success stories. One of the stories which was liked by the geek in me was framastore’s 360 Mars VR Experience on a bus the link shows how the framastore developers mapped Mars or part of Mars on Washington D.C. streets and how kids were able to experience how it would feel to be on Mars without knowing any of the risks the astronauts or the pioneers would have to face if we do get the money, the equipment and the technology to send people to Mars. In reality we are still decades from making such a trip keeping people safe to Mars and back or to have Mars for the rest of their life.

If my understanding is correct, the gravity of Mars is half of earth and once people settle there they or their exoskeleton would no longer be able to support Earth’s gravity, at least a generation who is born on Mars.

An interesting take on how things might turn out is shown in ‘The Expanse

But this is taking away from the topic at hand. While I saw the newer generation VR headsets there are still a bit ways off. It would be interesting once the headset becomes similar to eye-glasses and you do not have to either be tethered to a power unit or need to lug a heavy backpack full of dangerous lithium-ion battery. The chemistry for battery or some sort of self-powered unit would need to be much more safer, lighter.

While being in the conference and seeing the various scenarios being played out between potential developers and marketeers, it crossed my mind that people were not at all thinking of safe-guarding users privacy. Right from what games or choices you make to your biometric and other body sensitive information which has a high chance of being misused by companies and individuals.

There were also questions about how Sony and other developers are asking insane amounts for use of their SDK to develop content while it should be free as games and any content is going to enhance the marketability of their own ecosystem. For both the above questions (privacy and security asked by me) and SDK-related questions asked by some of the potential developers were not really answered.

At the end, they also showed AR or Augmented Reality which to my mind has much more potential to be used for reskilling and upskilling of young populations such as India and other young populous countries. It was interesting to note that both China and the U.S. are inching towards the older demographics while India would relatively be a still young country till another 20-30 odd years. Most of the other young countries (by median age) seem to be in the African continent and I believe (might be a myth) is that they are young because most of the countries are still tribal-like and they still are perhaps a lot of civil wars for resources.

I was underwhelmed by what they displayed in Augmented Reality, part of which I do understand that there may be lot many people or companies working on their IP and hence didn’t want to share or show or show a very rough work so their idea doesn’t get stolen.

I was also hoping somebody would take about motion-sickness or motion displacement similar to what people feel when they are train-lagged or jet-lagged. I am surprised that wikipedia still doesn’t have an article on train-lag as millions of Indians go through the process every year. The one which is most pronounced on Indian Railways is Motion being felt but not seen.

There are both challenges and opportunities provided by VR and AR but until costs come down both in terms of complexity, support and costs (for both the deployer and the user) it would remain a distant dream.

There are scores of ideas that could be used or done. For instance, the whole of North India is one big palace in the sense that there are palaces built by Kings and queens which have their own myth and lore over centuries. A story-teller could use a modern story and use say something like Chota Imambara or/and Bara Imambara where there have been lots of stories of people getting lost in the alleyways.

Such sort of lore, myths and mysteries are all over India. The Ramayana and the Mahabharata are just two of the epics which tell how grand the tales could be spun. The History of Indus Valley Civilization till date and the modern contestations to it are others which come to my mind.

Even the humble Panchtantra can be re-born and retold to generations who have forgotten it. I can’t express it much better as the variety of stories and contrasts to offer as bolokids does as well as SRK did in opening of IFFI. Even something like Khakee which is based on true incidents and a real-life inspector could be retold in so many ways. Even Mukti Bhavan which I saw few months ago, coincidentally before I became ill tells of stories which have complex stories and each person or persons have their own rich background which on VR could be much more explored.

Even titles such as the ever-famous Harry Potter or even the ever-beguiling RAMA could be shared and retooled for generations to come. The Shiva Trilogy is another one which comes to my mind which could be retold as well. There was another RAMA trilogy by the same author and another competing one which comes out in 2018 by an author called PJ Annan

We would need to work out the complexities of both hardware, bandwidth and the technologies but stories or content waiting to be developed is aplenty.

Once upon a time I had the opportunity to work, develop and understand make-believe walk-throughs (2-d blueprints animated/bought to life and shown to investors/clients) for potential home owners in a society (this was in the hey-days and heavy days of growth circa around y2k ) , it was 2d or 2.5 d environment, tools were lot more complex and I was the most inept person as I had no idea of what camera positioning and what source of light meant.

Apart from the gimmickry that was shown, I thought it would have been interesting if people had shared both the creative and the budget constraints while working in immersive technologies and bringing something good enough for the client. There was some discussion in a ham-handed way but not enough as there was considerable interest from youngsters to try this new medium but many lacked both the opportunities, knowledge, the equipment and the software stack to make it a reality.

Lastly, as far as the literature I have just shared bits and pieces of just the Indian English literature. There are 16 recognized Indian languages and all of them have a vibrant literature scene. Just to take an example, Bengal has been a bed-rock of new Bengali Detective stories all the time. I think I had shared the history of Bengali Crime fiction sometime back as well but nevertheless here it is again.

So apart from games, galleries, 3-d visual interactive visual novels with alternative endings could make for some interesting immersive experiences provided we are able to shed the costs and the technical challenges to make it a reality.

24×7 shopping in Maharashtra, Learning and Economics

Dear Friends,

My broadband connectivity (ADSL) by BSNL was down for a month and a bit more hence couldn’t post any blogs. In account of road-work there had been digging and numerous accounts of stealing thick copper cables which can be resold to different people and even melted to extract copper. Optical fiber for communication prices have dropped tremendously , the only expensive and tricky part is splicing and termination of the strands. There is a lobby which has clout and incentives to continue with this outdated and outmoded technology, which is why it continues, although this take discussion from the main topic.

I could have cheated and made a blog post in bits and pieces, something I hope to do this week-end but there has been some encouraging news and views which prompted me to post this blog post –

Mumbai 24/7: Shop, dine and play all night long in the city from today
Hotels And Restaurants In Maharashtra To Remain Open 24×7

One of the motives apart from being part of Debconf itself which is a valuable incentive to learn new things, is to see Taiwan shopping 24×7, it is the night market bit that the Taiwan team has shared, something I looked up and was a bit hooked up when I saw what’s it all about.

Of course if things go my way would probably would have to do bit more of research than what I have shared above.

The real meat (figure of speech) of today’s announcements was a discussion on CNBC Awaaz

Posted the youtube link above of the discussion – is in Hindi, the crux of the discussion while was about Mumbai (while I live in Pune, about 250-300 kms. in the neighboring city) the implications are for all those places which have restaurants. small kirana stores which had been facing lot of competition from e-tailers. One of the things being envisaged are places to eat and shop at unearthly hours at discounted rates which will drive people interested in such products and services. Also lot of retail services which depend upon such services are also reckoned to grow bringing more stability and multiplier effects to the Indian economy. Maharashtra ( one of the 29 States/Provinces in India) has been a bit contributor to the Indian economy over decades but hasn’t had its share of investment vis-a-vis what it gives to the national exchequer in terms of various fees and taxes. There are figures and beliefs which both support the argument. I haven’t shared as the blog post would still balloon up without adding anything but if needed can still share it in comments.

It was also shared that it would increase tourism but that got mixed reviews that it might not unless and until liquor timings, licenses are loosened up a bit.

I would contend though that there should be substantial increase and flexibility in domestic tourism and businesses as people would be able to make amicable plans for both parties ( a giver and a receiver.)

If one were to specifically talk about Mumbai, both Marine Drive, Grandstand as well as some other places in Colaba and elsewhere have been/were open all night. But with this shift of policy the civic infrastructure which already was in deficit might increase more as it comes under more pressure while law and order would need to be more beefed up and adequately trained, both of which are under strain as well. What was shared this policy would also end the lower-rank corruption by police officials who used to ask for protection money if shops were even a little late in closing up.

There is also a possibility that traffic congestion might be in night as well but it may reflect into a bit less traffic congestion in the day-time. Again all of this is a bit of imagination, conjecture at this point in time. People like me who can’t stand Mumbai’s humidity in the day-time would find a bit more excuse to be there at night if more budget restaurants were to be open late at night.

Also it is not a blanket thing for everybody, there are restrictions on shops in residential areas which might be expected to be relaxed a bit once things happen in the open. One well-known name which cropped up was the ubiquitous 7-11 stores. There would certainly be lot of interest if such convenience stores opened up all across the city/state.

I am excited to see if this happens.

Although, this has happened in India years ago, just it was ‘illegal’ and now it is ‘legal’. When I was in my college, around 1993 – 1994 I had shared also in 2016 Debconf the net/web had just started in India and I was lucky to be able to see/view the net using a service called NIIT Computerdrome.

Just to be explicit, NIIT is and was a premium offering for students who wanted to learn about programming and various MS-Windows technologies as there were already signs that IT (Information Technology) would be a disruptive force. Although nowadays they have also moved into management and administration courses as local IT industry has yet to grow up and lot of H1B-Visas under scanner.

It was a fancy name for what is now known as a cyber-cafe but we used to get net access at discounted rates. Now this place was about 4-5 kms. from my place so I had to be really careful in planning, figuring out as I had to buy coupons which had an expiry date and everything.

Couple of years later, came to know of a service much closer to home, in the basement of a place called Sagar Arcade. Now for those of us who were addicted to web access either for porn, or net technologies, or net gaming, IRC, Video chatting all used to throng there. At that time, NIIT had an 8 Mbps leased line which was a big deal and still is.

While wholesale bulk bandwidth rates have hit rock-bottom, last-mile connectivity still seems to be an issue. Because of Reliance Jio’s aggressive pitches some of the retail bandwidth rates have softened up but still have miles to go before I could say we have adequate bandwidth. Dropped calls (on mobile and landline) are still an issue while bandwidth tapering off every now and then seems to be endemic behavior in both public and private sector ISPs (Internet Service Provider) most of which are Tier-3 ISPs, the only tier-1 ISP Indian ISP I know is Tatas, see this FAQ as well –

World’s largest wholly owned submarine fibre network – more than 500,000 km of subsea fibre, and more than 210,000 km of terrestrial fibre
Only Tier-1 provider that is in the top five in five continents – by internet routes
Over 24% of the world’s internet routes are on Tata Communications’ network
400+ PoPs reach more than 240 countries and territories
44 data centres and co-location centres with over one million sq. ft. of space
7600 petabytes of internet traffic travels over the Tata Communications’ internet backbone each month
15+ terabits/s of international bandwidth lit capacity

– From Tata Communications FAQ .

but came to know they are merging their end-user business with Airtel (another Tier-3 ISP) while their under-sea fibre optic cable business(see above) will still remain with them but this again is taking outside the current topic.

Back to topic on hand –

I am guessing that there was practically no work being done after hours so NIIT might have in-turn leased some of the capacity to the cyber-cafe.

The cybercafe owner had two rates, normal rates which were comparable to any other cyber-cafes and night rates which were half or one-fourth (happy hours) which extended from 2300 hrs – 0500 hours. In order to indulge into net curiosity/net addiction me and few of my friends used to go there. Few days/couple of weeks later a chinese take-away and then a juice/tea/coffee shop came to serve the cybercafe customers.

This whole setup was illegal as according to laws of the time, no commercial establishment (only exceptions being Railway stations, Police Stations, Hopitals, some specific Petrol Pumps and Medicine dispensations shops were allowed to remain open 24×7 ) But even in the case of Medicine shops and Petrol Pumps there were very few who had got permission (looking back might have a combo for Business/Political patronage to it which were not apparent when I was a teenager.) I also came to know much much later that what we were doing was illegal as in using a commercial establishment after hours even though it was in connivance with the owner. see The Bombay Shop Act, 1948.

Comically, the Bombay Shop Act which has now been superseded by the Maharashtra Shops and Establishments Act 2017 has never been in the syllabus of Commerce Students even when we were graduating with Business Administration as one of the optional subjects. The Act and surrounding topics should have been there in the books and creative discussions and consultations with students being taken up. This was in 1994, a full 46 years after the Act came into being.

But as has been shared on this blog before, this is a dream which seems shall not be realized at least in the immediate future.

While reading today’s newspaper I came across this editorial which also opens up a window what the elitist institutions have shrunk in their collective responsibility. While it only talks about social sciences, another article for students of UPSC Mains which was shared by a student friend of mine. It actually took me back to the term Dismal Science as I came across the term and understood the implications years ago.

While it is too early to state/predict whether it would change things in Pune and Maharashtra as a whole, but am hopeful as it would generate both direct and indirect employment. After years of jobless inflationary growth it would be welcome departure especially as youngsters without adequate job skills are joining the unemployed in millions.

I need to speak up now X – Economics

Dear all,

This would be a longish blog post (as most of mine are) compiled over days but as there is so short a time and so much to share.

I had previously thought to share beautiful photographs of Ganesh mandals taking out the procession at time of immersion of the idol or the last day of Durga Puja recent events around do not make my mood to share photos at this point in time. I may share some of them in a future blog post or two .

Before going further, I would like to offer my sympathies and condolences to people hurt and dislocated in Hurricane Irma , the 2017 Central Mexico Earthquake and lastly the most recent Las Vegas shooting as well as Hurricane Maria in Puerto Rico . I am somewhat nonplussed as to why Americans always want to name, especially hurricanes which destroy people’s lives and livelihood built over generations and why most of the hurricanes are named after women. A look at site unveiled the answer to the mystery.

Ironically (or not) I saw some of the best science coverage about Earthquakes or anything scientific reporting and analysis after a long time in mainstream newspapers in India.

On another note, I don’t understand or even expect to understand why the gunman did what he did 2 days back. Country music AFAIK is one of the most chilled-out kind of music, in some ways very similar to classical Indian singing although they are worlds apart in style of singing, renditions, artists, the way they emote etc. I seriously wish that the gunman had not been shot but caught and reasons were sought about what he did, he did. While this is certainly armchair thinking as was not at the scene of crime, but if a Mumbai Police constable could do it around a decade ago armed only with a lathi could do it, why couldn’t the American cops who probably are trained in innumerable ways to subdue people without killing them, did. While investigations are on, I suspect if he were caught just like Ajmal Kasab was caught then lot of revelations might have come up. From what is known, the gentleman was upwardly mobile i.e. he was white, rich and apparently had no reason to have beef with anybody especially a crowd swaying to some nice music, all of which makes absolutely no sense.

Indian Economy ‘Slowdown’

Anyways, back to one of the main reasons of writing this blog post. Few days back, an ex-finance Minister of India Yashwant Sinha wrote what was felt by probably millions of Indians, an Indian Express article called ‘I need to speak up now

While there have been many, many arguments made since then by various people. A simple search of ‘I need to speak up’ would lead to lead to many a result besides the one I have shared above. The only exception I have with the article is the line “Forty leading companies of the country are already facing bankruptcy proceedings. Many more are likely to follow suit.” I would not bore you but you ask any entrepreneur trying to set up shop in India i.e. ones who actually go through the processes of getting all the licenses for setting up even a small businesses as to the numerous hurdles they have to overcome and laid-back corrupt bureaucracy which they have to overcome. I could have interviewed some of my friends who had the conviction and the courage to set up shop and spent more than half a decade getting all the necessary licenses and approval to set up but it probably would be too specific for one industry or the other and would lead to the same result.

Co-incidentally, a new restaurant, leaf opened in my vicinity few weeks before. From the looks it looked like a high-brow, high-priced restaurant hence like many others I did not venture in. After a few days, they introduced south-Indian delicacies like Masala Dosa, Uttapam at prices similar to other restaurants around. So I ventured in and bought some south Indian food to consume between mum and me.

Few days later, I became friends with the owner/franchisee and I suggested (in a friendly tone) that why he doesn’t make it like a CCD play where many people including yours truly use the service to share, strategize and meet with clients.

The CCD joints usually serve coffee and snacks (which are over-priced but still run out pretty fast) but people come as they have chilled-out atmosphere and Wi-Fi access which people need for their smartphones, although the Wi-Fi part may soon become redundant With Reliance Jio making a big play.

I also shared why he doesn’t add more variety and time (the south Indian items are time-limited) as I see/saw many empty chairs there.

Anyways, the shop-owner/franchisee shared his gross costs including salary, stocking, electricity, rent and it doesn’t pan out to be serving Rs.80/- dish (roughly a 1US dollar and 25 cents) then serving INR Rs. 400/- a dish (around 6 $USD). One round of INR 400/- + dishes make his costs for the day, around 12 tables were there. It’s when they have two full rounds of dishes costing INR 400/- or more that he actually has profits and he is predicting loss for at least 6 months to a year before he makes a rebound. He needs steady customers rather than just walk-ins that will make his business work/click. Currently his family is bearing the costs. He didn’t mention the taxes although I know apart from GST there are still some local body taxes that they will have to pay and comply with.

There are a multitude of problems for shutting a shop legally as well as they have to again renavigate the bureaucracy for the same. I have seen more than a few retailers downing their shutters for 6-8 months and then either sell it to new management, let go of the lease or simply sell the property to a competitor. The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code is probably the first proper exit policy for large companies. So the 40 odd companies that Mr. Sinha were talking about were probably sick for a long time.

In India, there is also an additional shame of being a failed entrepreneur unlike in the west where Entrepreneurs start on their next venture. As seen from Retailing In India only 3.3% of the population or at the most 4% of the population is directly or indirectly linked with the retail trade. Most of the economy still derives its wealth from the agrarian sector which is still reeling under the pressure from demonetization which happened last year. Al jazeera surprisingly portrayed a truer picture of the effects demonetization had on common citizen than many Indian newspapers did at the time. Because of the South African Debconf, I had to resort to debit cards and hence was able to escape standing in long lines in which many an old and women perished.

It is only yesterday that the Government has acknowledged which many prominent Indians have been saying for months now, that we are in a ‘slowdown‘. Be aware of the terms being used for effect by the Prime Minister. There are two articles which outlines the troubles India is in atm. The only bright spot has been e-commerce which so far has eluded GST although the Govt. has claimed regulations to put it in check.

Indian Education System

Interestingly, Ravish Kumar has started a series on NDTV where he is showcasing how Indian education sector, especially public colleges have been left to teachers on contract basis, see the first four episodes on NDTV channel starting with the first one I have shared as a hyperlink. I apologize as the series is in Hindi as the channel is meant for Indians and is mostly limited to Northern areas of the Country (mostly) although he has been honest that it is because they lack resources to tackle the amount of information flowing to them. Ravish started the series with sharing information about the U.S. where the things are similar with some teachers needing to sleep in cars because of high-cost of living to some needing to turn to sex-work . I was shocked when I read the guardian article, that is no way to treat our teachers.I went on to read ‘How the American University was Killed‘ following the breadcrumbs along the way. Reading that it seems Indians have been following the American system playbook from the 1980’s itself. The article talks about HMO as well and that seems to have followed here as well with my own experience of hospital fees and drugs which I had to entail a few weeks/month ago.

Few years ago, when me and some of my friends had the teaching bug and we started teaching in a nearby municipal school, couple of teachers had shared that they were doing 2-3 jobs to make ends meet. I don’t know about others in my group, at least I was cynical because I thought all the teachers were permanent and they make good money only to realize now that the person was probably speaking the truth. When you have to do three jobs to make ends meet from where do you bring the passion to teach young people and that too outside the syllabus ?

Also, with this new knowledge in hindsight, I take back all my comments I made last year and the year before for the pathetic education being put up by the State. With teachers being paid pathetically/underpaid and almost 60% teachers being ad-hoc/adjunct teachers they have to find ways to have some sense of security. Most teachers are bachelors as they are poor and cannot offer any security (either male or female) and for women, after marriage it actually makes no sense for them to continue in this profession. I salute all the professors who are ad-hoc in nature and probably will never get a permanent position in their life.

I think in some way, thanx to him, that the government has chosen to give 7th pay commisson salary to teachers. While the numbers may appear be large, there are a lot of questions as to how many people will actually get paid. There needs to be lot of vacancies which need to be filled quickly but don’t see any solution in the next 2-3 years as well. The Government has taken a position to use/re-hire retired teachers rather than have new young teachers as an unwritten policy. In this Digital India context how are retired teachers supposed to understand and then pass on digital concepts is beyond me when at few teacher trainings I have seen they lack even the most basic knowledge that I learnt at least a decade or two ago, the difference is that vast. I just don’t know what to say to that. My own experience with my own mother who had pretty good education in her time and probably would have made a fine business-woman if she knew that she will have a child that she would have to raise by herself alone (along with maternal grand-parents) is testimonial to the fact how hard it is for older people to grasp technology and here I’m talking just using the interface as a consumer rather than a producer or someone in-between who has the idea of how companies and governments profit from whatever data is shared one way or the other.

After watching the series/episodes and discussing the issue with my mother it was revealed that both her and my late maternal grandfather were on casual/ad-hoc basis till 20-25 years in their service in the defense sector. If Ravish were to do a series on the defense sector he probably would find the same thing there. To add to that, the defense sector is a vital component to a country’s security. If 60% of the defense staff in all defense establishments have temporary staff how do you ensure the loyalty of the people working therein. That brings to my mind ‘Ignorance is bliss’.

Software development and deployment

There is another worry that all are skirting around, the present dispensation/government’s mantra is ‘minimum government-maximum governance’ with digital technologies having all solutions which is leading to massive unemployment. Also from most of the stories/incidents I read in the newspapers, mainstream media and elsewhere it seems most software deployments done in India are done without having any system of internal checks and balances. There is no ‘lintian‘ for software to be implemented. Contracts seem to be given to big companies and there is no mention of what prerequisites or conditions were laid down by the Government for software development and deployment and if any checks were done to ensure that the software being developed was in according to government specifications or not. Ideally this should all be in public domain so that questions can be asked and responsibility fixed if things go haywire, as currently they do not.

Software issues

As my health been not that great, I have been taking a bit more time and depth while filing bugs. #877638 is a good example. I suspect though that part of the problem might be that mate has moved to gtk3 while guake still has gtk-2 bindings. I also reported the issue upstream both in mate-panel as well as guake . I haven’t received any response from either or/and upstreams .

I also have been fiddling around with gdb to better understand the tool so I can exploit/use this tool in a better way. There are some commands within the gdb interface which seem to be interesting and hopefully I’ll try how the commands perform over days, weeks to a month. I hope we see more action on the mate-panel/guake bug as well as move of guake to gtk+3 but that what seemingly seemed like wait for eternity seems to have done by somebody in last couple of days. As shared in the ticket there are lots of things still to do but it seems the heavy lifting has been done but seems merging will be tricky as two developers have been trying to update to gtk+3 although aichingm seems to have a leg up with his 3! branch.

Another interesting thing I saw is the below picture.

Firefox is out of date on

The firefox version I was using to test the site/wordpress-wp-admin was Mozilla Firefox 52.4.0 which AFAIK is a pretty recentish one and people using Debian stretch would probably be using the same version (firefox stable/LTS) rather than the more recent versions. I went to the link it linked to and it gave no indication as to why it thought my browser is out-of-date and what functionality was/is missing. I have found that wordpress support has declined quite a bit and people don’t seem to use the forums as much as they used to before.

I also filed a few bugs for qalculate. #877716 where a supposedly transitional package removes the actual application, #877717 as the software has moved its repo. to as well as tickets and other things in process and lastly #877733. I had been searching for a calculator which can do currency calculations on the fly (say for e.g. doing personal budgeting for Taiwan debconf) without needing to manually enter the conversion rates and losing something in the middle. While the current version has support for some limited currencies, the new versions promise more as other people probably have more diverse needs for currency conversions (people who do long or short on oil, stocks overseas is just one example, I am sure there are many others) than simplistic mine.