Indian Economy, NPR, NRC and Crowd Control Part – II

Protests and their history

A Happy New Year to all. While I would have loved to start on a better note, situations are the way they are. Before starting with the prickly process of NPR, NRC let me just focus on the protests themselves. Now protests either in India or abroad are not a new thing. While thinking on this, I found one of the modern, medieval recorded entries of protests to be in 12th century Paris, and just like most strikes, this one was for rights of liberty, freedom and price increase. The famous or infamous University of Paris strike 1229 , There have been so many strikes and protests worldwide which changed the world, in recent memory the protests against American involvement in Vietnam , The Montgomery bus boycott by Rosa Parks , the protests that I became aware in South Africa, UCT about Rhodes must fall movement . I would be forever grateful to Bernelle for sharing with us the protests that had happened the year before near the Sarah Bartman Hall. Closer home i.e. in India, we have had a rich history of protests especially during the Colonial period and the Indian Freedom movement, as well as afterwards, i.e. after india became free. Whether it was the Navnirman Andolan or the Great Bombay Textile Strike which actually led to industries moving out of Mumbai. My idea of sharing above strikes and protests has been that protests are not a new thing in India and have been part of India socio-political culture throughout its history. I am sure there were also protests during the medieval period but not going that far as it would not add value to the post currently. It may be a good idea to share about that in some other blog post perhaps.

The protests against NPR, NRC and CAA

So, let’s start with what these acronyms are and why people are protesting are against it . The first acronym is National Population Register (NPR) . Now while the Government says that NPR is nothing but the census which is done by GOI every year, there is a difference. There are few things which make it different from earlier years, those are, birth certificates, ‘date and birth of parents’ and ‘last place of residence’ . The problem starts and ends with these two points for NPR apart from biometric information which again has issues, both for rich and poor alike . Let me explain what is the problem therein, using my own use-case or history which probably can be multiplied by probably millions of people of my age and lesser and elder to me.

Now one could ask naively, what is wrong in birth certificates, in theory and today’s day and age, perhaps not, but everything has a context and a time and place. While I was born in Pune, in 1975, the Registration and Births Act had been recently passed in 1969. So neither the Municipal Corporation of that time was active and nor was that a statutory requirement in those times. To add to that, my mother had to go at least 10-15 times to the Municipal Corporation in order to secure my birth certificate even though there was no name. This brings to another issue, in those times, almost till date, the mortality rate of newborns have been high. While we have statistics of the last 20 odd years which do show some change, one can only guess what the infant mortality rates would have been in the 60’s and the 70’s . Apart from that, most deliveries happened at home with a mid-wife rather than in a nursing home. This is still the norm today in many cities and hinterland as well. Recently, there was news of 100 babies who died in Kota, Rajasthan. While earlier they were being given clean chits, it seems most neonatal units which should house only one child were housing three children. Hence the large number of deaths. Probably, most of the parents were poor and the administration while showing that each child was given a separate neonatal unit were put together. The corruption whether in Indian public or private hospitals deserves its own blog post. I had shared some of it in the blog post no country for women or doctors.

But that apart, in those days because babies died, many children didn’t get the name till s/he was of kinder-garden, school going age. In my situation was a bit more different and difficult as my parents had separated and there was possibility that my father may go for a custody battle which never happened. Now apart from proving my own identity even though I have all the papers, I might still need to procure more, I would need papers or documentation proving the relationship between mother and I . Now I can’t produce father because he is no more apart from his death certificate, with my mother, I would have to get and submit most probably a DNA test which is expensive to say the least. I know of some labs who also charge depending upon many genetic markers you are looking for, the more the better and costs go up like that. Now here itself two questions arise with the NPR itself.

a. How many children would have proper birth certificates, more so the ones who live either below poverty line or just above ? Many of them don’t have roof over their head or have temporary shelters, where would they have place to get and put such documents. Also, as many of them cannot either read or write, they are usually suspicious of Government papers (and with good reason) . Time and again, the Government of the day has promised one thing and done another. Mostly to do with property rights and exclusion. Why to go far, just a few days back Sonam wangchuck, the engineer, who shared his concerns about Ladakh and the fragile ecosystem of Ladakh in Himalayas due to unchecked ‘development’ as been promised by the Prime Minister bringing it par to Delhi. Sadly, many people do not know that Himalayas is the youngest geologically speaking while the oldest are in South Africa (thanks to Debconf for that bit of info. as well.) . While they celebrate the political freedom from Kashmir, they do have concerns as being with Kashmir, they enjoyed land rights and rights to admission to Indians and foreigners alike, this they have now lost. A region which is predominantly buddhist in nature is being introduced to sex tourism and massage parlours which are not needed. If possible, people should see Mr. Wangchuk’s talk on Ted talks or any of the work the gentleman has done but this is getting off-topic here.

b. What about people of my age or above me. Would all of us would become refugees in our own lands ? What about those who go from place to place for work ? What about Government servants themselves ? Those who work in Central Government, many of them have and are supposed to change places every 3-4 years. My grandfather (from mother’s side) toured all of India due to his job. My mother also got transferred a few times, although I stayed in Pune. This puts up questions which make it difficult for many to answer if they were to do it truthfully as nobody would have full papers. There are also no guarantees that just having the right papers would make it right. It is very much possible that the ‘babu’ or beareaucrat sitting at the other end would demand money. I am sure there was lot of black money generated during NRC in Assam. This would happen at NPR stage itself.

c. The third question is what would happen to those who are unable to prove their citizenship at the beginning itself. They probably would need to go to court of law. What happens to their job, property and life as it is. As it is, most businesses have a slack of 40-50%, this will become more pronounced. Would we be stateless citizens in our own land ?

NRC and CAA

Somehow, let’s say you managed to have yourself included in NPR, it doesn’t mean that you will be included in NRC or National Register of Citizens. For this, one may have to rinse and repeat. They may ask more invasive questions as never before. The possible exploitation of people by the state would be as never seen before. Most of the majority in India think of Germany and how it became an industrious house and they think, they became industrious because they persecuted Jews. In fact, I believe it was the opposite. As have shared before on the blog itself, numerous times, if the Jews had been part of Germany, Germany may have prospered many times over. If the Jews could make Israel so powerful, where would Germany would have been today ? Also not many people know about the Marshall Plan which perhaps laid the foundation of the European Union as we know today but that may be part of another blog post, another day. I would probably do a part III as there are still aspects of the whole issue which I haven’t touched upon. I might do it tomorrow or few days after. Till later.

Dissonance, Rakhigiri, one-party system

I heard the term dissonance or Cognitive dissonance about a year, year and a half back. This is the strategy that BJP used to win in 2014 and in 2019. How much part did EVM’s play and how much part did the cognitive dissonance work is hard to tell and define but both have made irreperable damage to not just the economy, social fabric, institutions, the constitution but the idea of India itself. India, the country which has thousands of different cultures, castes, are for one reason or the other put into hate which seems to have no end. But before going into the politics, let me share one beautiful video which got played on social media and also quickly forgotten.

Dhol Tasha in Ganesh Chaturthi

The gentleman playing that drum is Mr. Greg Ellis. While we had Ganesh Chaturthi just a while back, the most laid-back I have seen in my whole 40+ years. While there were other dhol tasha plays which played for e.g. these two videos

and

I do like the first one though which represents what is and used to be call jugalbandi. This is where two artists talk to each other having conversation while playing their instruments. For e.g. Zakir Hussain Sahab and Shivamani and many others. but that perhaps is a story for another day.

The Science and Politics of the 4500 year old Rakhigarhi woman.

This story was broken couple of weeks back. The best way or person to perhaps explain it in plain english would perhaps be Shekhar Gupta . From the discussions you see it is much heated and contested topic.

The study that was done can be found at https://reich.hms.harvard.edu/sites/reich.hms.harvard.edu/files/inline-files/2019_Cell_ShindeNarasimhan_Rakhigarhi.pdf and https://reich.hms.harvard.edu/sites/reich.hms.harvard.edu/files/inline-files/2019_Science_NarasimhanPatterson_CentralSouthAsia.pdf . In fact you can see whole series of papers on the same topic https://reich.hms.harvard.edu/publications . Now the Indian nationalist narrative movement is that Aryan migration does not take place while others say it’s the opposite. One can look at a bit more background on the story in the Indian Express article which came a few months before, before the whole controversy erupted.

One of the best things that has happened is the ability to get the DNA from a 4500 year old specimen. This is Priya Moorani’s github repo. which helped them get the genome data. I am sure some of the Debian folks may be interested in such kind of forensic anthropology. I know I had shared bits of its previously as well but it didn’t fit well with me as I had hadn’t shared the whole narrative behind it and the positions that people have taken.

The Economy

The Economy is in a bad shape in India is in a bad shape is not a hidden thing anymore but India Inc. had been keeping quiet. Apart from Ratan Tata and Mahindra who quipped about the R-word (Recession) only two ladies seems to be able a spade, a spade and both of them called on it on NDTV . Both these ladies are wealth-creators and have made India proud, one of them even benefiting from the rupee crash but even then their heart in the right place.

The Madame above is Ms. Kiran Majumdar Shaw who is a billionaire who makes her money selling generic active pharmaceutical ingredients and other bio products to advanced countries. Businessworld had done stories on pharmaceutical development, engineering about 6-7 years back when it was an emerging industry and lot of startups had come into the field. While it is a pretty competitive field with about 60 odd companies and biocon itself shedding quite a bit of its price on the stock exchange and still she has the guts to criticize the Modi Govt.

The other is Shobhana Kamineni of Apollo Hospitals, which is in superspeciality hospitals. Both the ladies are into medicine field and both are in the high-risk and high-reward game and still they are able to speak their mind. What is and was shocking for many of us is the kind of numbers she had shared of people emigrating to elsewhere in the last 5 odd years which perhaps wasn’t the case before. In fact, couple of days back both Indian Express and the Wire ran stories showing how millionaires and billionaires are moving out of the country. This hasn’t happened in a day but over a 5 year period. While people are saying that the money is being spent on trael and education, in fact it is due to tax harrassment and structural issues in the broader economy that wealth-creators are leaving. Of course for the rest of us it is the Hindu-Muslim topics but that is another story altogether.

The Hindu-Muslim polarization

When I talk to most of the Bhakts or people who have a militant belief of the way BJP is going, one of the questions I ask is, who are these muslims, are they the ones who came from Arab or are these converted Muslims, Christians, Buddhists, Sikhs etc. Most of them were and our own people who choose to convert to a religion because they saw upward mobility in that religion. So in a way the whole debate collapses. The saddest part is whether it is Hindu-Muslim polarization or Hindu-Sikh polarization it is always one brother beating the other. Also, studies showed that in the 2002 Gujarat riots, the ones who took part in the riots were from the lowest strata of the society because by killing the Muslims, they got prestige and money in the society. While I’m sure I have shared the studies before on the site, but if not shared, please let me know and will update the same accordingly. It is somewhere in my bookmarks somewhere 🙂

Chandrayaan 2 (Update)

The Update for Chandrayaan 2 has been that it was shared by ISRO team that the last 2 kms. the thrust landers which should have been pushing against gravity and moon so that the lander would land softly did the opposite or the reverse i.e. instead of pushing against the moon/regolith gave speed which may have resulted in the crash. In few days NASA may share some photographs of the lander.

The Single-party State

One of the newest discussions that has been thrown is having a single party for the country. Now I dunno whether it is just for us to get us into another discussions or controversies as they have been doing for last so many years, just like Trump does every other day or does he mean it. If this becomes a reality, then there will be nothing left. Even the judiciary has been keeping quiet on the habeaus corpus on the Kashmir issue . In fact Shah Faesal, who if memory serves me right, came on a BJP ticket has withdrawn his habeaus corpus writ as thousands of kashmiris has no access to put up such a writ. Also the Supreme Court casual approach has baffled many of the legal luminaries in the field. At the end, I don’t really know what to look out for The economy doesn’t seem will recover in the short-to-medium term and with the Saudi fields hit, oil, petrol will climb more than ever before. Not a happy note to end on though but it is, what it is.

Update 18/09/2019 – Newslaundry shared that ANI (A Govt. mouthpiece) has been told to alter the stories on single-party state so it appears a bit differently, some papers have still carried it in the same. Youtube also has his statement on record so he can’t escape.

Tale of two countries, India and Canada

Apologies – the first blog post got sent out by mistake.

Weather comparisons between the two countries

Last year, I had come to know that this year’s debconf is happening in Canada, a cold country. Hence, few weeks/month back, I started trying to find information online when I stumbled across few discussion boards where people were discussing about Innerwear and Outerwear and I couldn’t understand what that was all about. Then somehow stumbled across this Video, which is of a game called the Long Dark and just seeing couple of episodes it became pretty clear to me why the people there were obsessing with getting the right clothes and everything about it. Couple of Debconf people were talking about the weather in Montreal, and surprise, surprise it was snowing there, in fact supposed to be near the storm of the century. Was amazed to see that they have a website to track how much snow has been lifted.

If we compare that to Pune, India weather-wise we are polar opposites. There used to be a time, when I was very young, maybe 5 yrs. old that once the weather went above 30 degree celsius, rains would fall, but now its gonna touch 40 degrees soon. And April and May, the two hottest months are yet to come.

China Gate

Before I venture further, I was gifted the book ‘China Gate‘ written by an author named William Arnold. When I read the cover and the back cover, it seemed the story was set between China and Taiwan, later when I started reading it, it shares history of Taiwan going back 200 or so odd years. This became relevant as next year’s Debconf, Debconf 2018 will be in Taiwan, yes in Asia very much near to India. I am ashamed to say that except for the Tiananmen Square Massacre and the Chinese High-Speed Rail there wasn’t much that I knew. According to the book, and I’m paraphrasing here the gist I got was that for a long time, the Americans promised Taiwan it will be an Independent country forever, but due to budgetary and other political constraints, the United States took the same stand as China from 1979. Interestingly, now it seems Mr. Trump wants to again recognize Taiwan as a separate entity from China itself but as is with Mr. Trump you can’t be sure of why he does, what he does. Is it just a manoeuvrer designed to out-smart the chinese and have a trade war or something else, only time will tell.

One thing which hasn’t been shared in the book but came to know via web is that Taiwan calls itself ‘Republic of China’ . If Taiwan wants to be independent then why the name ‘Republic of China’ ? Doesn’t that strengthen China’s claim that Taiwan is an integral part of China. I don’t understand it.

The book does seduce you into thinking that the events are happening in real-time, as in happening now.

That’s enough OT for now.

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Population Density

As well in the game and whatever I could find on the web, Canada seems to be on the lower side as far as population is concerned. IIRC, few years back, Canadians invited Indian farmers and gave them large land-holdings for over 100 years on some small pittance. While the link I have shared is from 2006, I read it online and in newspapers even as late as in 2013/2014. The point being there seems to be lot of open spaces in Canada, whereas in India we fight for even one inch literally, due to overpopulation. This sharing reminded me of ‘Mark of Gideon‘. While I was young, I didn’t understand the political meaning of it and still struggle to understand about whom the show was talking about. Was it India, Africa or some other continent they were talking about ?

This also becomes obvious when you figure out the surface area of the two countries. When I had started to learn about Canada, I had no idea, nor a clue that Canada is three times the size of India. And this is when I know India is a large country. but seeing that Canada is thrice larger just boggled my mind. As a typical urbanite, would probably become mad if in a rural area in Canada. Montreal, however seems to be something like Gwalior or Bangalore before IT stormed in, seems to be a place where people can work, play and have quite a few gardens as well.

Rail

This is one thing that is similar in both the great countries. India has Indian Railways and while the Canadians have their own mountain railway called viarail. India chugs on its 68k kilometre network, Canada is at fourth position with 52k network. With thrice the land size, it should have been somewhere where Russia is or even better than them. It would be interesting if a Canadian/s comment about their railway network and why it is so bad in terms of reach.

As far as food is concerned, somebody shared this

Also, have no idea if Canadian trains are as entertaining as Indian ones, in terms of diverse group of people as well as variety of food to eat as also shared a bit in the video. I am not aware whether Via Rail is the only network operator and there are other network operators unlike Indian Railways which has monopoly on most of the operations.

Countries which have first past the post system - Wikipedia

Business houses, Political Families

This is again something that is similar in both the countries, it seems (from afar) that its only few business houses and more importantly political families which have governed for years. From what little I could understand, both India and Canada have first past the post system which as shared by its critics is unfair to new and small parties. It would be interesting to see if Canada does a re-think. For India, it would need a massive public education outreach policy and implementation. We just had elections in 5 states of India with U.P. (with respect to area-size and population density) and from the last several years, the EVM’s (Electronic Voting Machines) tries to make sure that nobody could know which area which party got the most votes. This is to make sure the winning party is not able to take revenge on people or areas which did not vote for them. Instead you have general region counting of votes with probably even the Election Commission not knowing which EVM went to what area and what results are there in sort of double-blind methodology.

As far as Business houses are concerned, I am guessing it’s the same world-over, only certain people hold the wealth while majority of us are in hard-working, non-wealthy status.

Northern Lights - Aurora Borealis

Northern Lights, Aurora Borealis

Apart from all the social activities that Montreal is famous for, somebody told/shared with me that it is possible to see the Northern Lights, Aurora Borealis can be seen in Canada. I dunno how true or not it is, while probably in Montreal it isn’t possible to see due to light pollution, but maybe around 40-50 kms. from the city ? Can people see it from Canada ? IF yes, how far would you have to go ? Are there any companies or people who take people to see the Northern Lights.

While I still have to apply for bursary, and if that gets ok, then try getting the visa, but if that goes through, apart from debconf and social activities happening in and around Montreal, Museums, Music etc. , this would be something I would like to experience if it’s possible. While I certainly would have to be prepared for the cold that would be, if it’s possible, no offence to debconf or anybody else but it probably would be the highlight of the entire trip if its possible. This should be called/labelled as the greatest show on earth TM.

Observations of a Nouveau Traveller.

Am currently in the visa no man’s land (application given and awaiting result) for debconf 2016 which means it is the perfect opportunity to share whatever I have been learning about South Africa and drawing parallels with India.
Continue reading “Observations of a Nouveau Traveller.”

Save the Internet

Hi all,
This is a somewhat longish response given to the TRAI 20 questions using the reply shared by the SavetheInternet Coalition made by users and net advocates alike. The SavetheInternet answers will be in  quotes and my addition to the answers beneath it where I have.
Continue reading “Save the Internet”